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Table Of Contents

What is the Smart Grid?
WHAT IS A SMART GRID?
THE SMART GRID ENABLES THE ELECTRINETSM
LOCAL ENERGY NETWORKS
ELECTRIC TRANSPORTATION
LOW-CARBON CENTRAL GENERATION
WHAT SHOULD BE THE ATTRIBUTES OF THE SMART GRID?
WHY DO WE NEED A SMART GRID?
IS THE SMART GRID A “GREEN GRID?”
ALTERNATIVE VIEWS OF A SMART GRID
Capgemini’s Vision (www.capgemini.com/energy)
IBM’s Vision (www.ibm.com/iibv)
IntelliGridSM (www.epri-intelligrid.com)
The Modern Grid Strategy (www.netl.doe.gov)
GridWise™ (www.electricdistribution.ctc.com)
General Electric Vision (www.gepower.com)
Distribution Vision 2010 (DV2010)
UK SuperGen Initiative (www.supergen-networks.org.uk)
Hydro Quebec Automation Initiative
The Galvin Initiative (www.galvinpower.org)
Electricite de France (EDF) Power-Strada
European Union Smart Grid (www.smartgrids.eu)
INTRODUCTION
POWER PLANT ELECTRICITY USE
Maintenance Issues
POWER PLANT SPACE CONDITIONING AND DOMESTIC WATER HEATING
Building Infltration
EPRI DEMONSTRATIONS
EFFICIENCY IN POWER DELIVERY
CONSERVATION VOLTAGE REDUCTION
DISTRIBUTION TRANSFORMER EFFICIENCY
Electric End-use Energy Efficiency
DEFINING ELECTRIC END-USE ENERGY EFFICIENCY
ENERGY EFFICIENCY
IS ENERGY EFFICIENCY COST-EFFECTIVE?
FINANCIAL IMPACTS OF ENERGY EFFICIENCY
HOW DESIRABLE IS ENERGY EFFICIENCY?
A RENEWED MANDATE
DRIVERS OF ENERGY EFFICIENCY
RENEWED INTEREST
Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions
WHAT CAN BE ACCOMPLISHED?
IEA ESTIMATES
UNITED NATIONS FOUNDATION ESTIMATES
THE GALVIN VISION—A PERFECT POWER SYSTEM
Defning the Perfect Electric Energy Service System
Design Criteria
Path to the Perfect Power System
OVERVIEW OF THE PERFECT POWER SYSTEM CONFIGURATIONS
DEVICE–LEVEL POWER SYSTEM
BUILDING INTEGRATED POWER SYSTEMS
DISTRIBUTED POWER SYSTEMS
FULLY INTEGRATED POWER SYSTEM: THE SMART GRID
NODES OF INNOVATION
DC Distribution & the Smart Grid
AC VS. DC POWER: AN HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE
Transformers Transform the Power Delivery System
Centralization Dictates AC Instead of DC
BENEFITS AND DRIVERS OF DC POWER DELIVERY SYSTEMS
DATA CENTERS AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY (IT) LOADS
YOUR FUTURE NEIGHBORHOOD
POTENTIAL FUTURE WORK AND RESEARCH
For the Smart Grid
LAUNCHING THE INTELLIGRIDSM
THE INTELLIGRIDSM TODAY
Visualizing the Power System in Real Time
Increasing System Capacity
Relieving Bottlenecks
Enabling a Self-healing Grid
Enabling (Enhanced) Connectivity to Consumers
A SMART GRID VISION BASED ON THE INTELLIGRIDSM ARCHITECTURE
BARRIERS TO ACHIEVING THIS VISION
Fast Simulation and Modeling
ENABLING TECHNOLOGIES
Automation: The Heart of the IntelliGridSM
Power Electronics-based Controllers
Power Market Tools
Technology Innovation in Electricity Use
The Consumer Portal
SMART ENERGY EFFICIENT END-USE DEVICES
SMART DISTRIBUTED ENERGY RESOURCES
ADVANCED WHOLE-BUILDING CONTROL SYSTEMS
INTEGRATED COMMUNICATIONS ARCHITECTURE
ENERGY MANAGEMENT TODAY
Demand-side Management
Demand Response
ROLE OF TECHNOLOGY IN DEMAND RESPONSE
Distributed Energy Resources
HOW IS DYNAMIC ENERGY MANAGEMENT DIFFERENT?
KEY FEATURES OF A DYNAMIC ENERGY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
WHAT IS THE ENERGYPORTSM?
WHAT ARE THE GENERIC FEATURES OF THE ENERGYPORTSM?
Simplify Building Systems
Safety
Reliability
Decentralized Operation
Consumer Interface
Appliances That Talk to Each Other
Entertainment
Network Communications Management
Remote Consumer-Site Vicinity Monitoring
Markets
POLICIES AND PROGRAMS IN ACTION
Multi-National Level
State Level
City Level
Corporate Level
Market Implementation
FACTORS INFLUENCING CUSTOMER ACCEPTANCE AND RESPONSE
Customer Satisfaction
Direct Customer Contact
Trade Ally Cooperation
Advertising and Promotion
Alternative Pricing
Direct Incentives
PROGRAM PLANNING
Program Management
Program Logistics
The Implementation Process
MONITORING AND EVALUATION
Monitoring Program Validity
Management Concerns
EXISTING TECHNOLOGIES
Lighting
Space Conditioning
Indoor Air Quality
Motors and Drives
Electrical Supply
Equipment Retroft and Replacement
Process Heating
Thermal Energy Storage
MERITS OF ELECTROTECHNOLOGIES BEYOND ENERGY EFFICIENCY
Demand-side Planning
What is Demand-side Planning?
Why Consider the Demand Side?
Selecting Alternatives
ISSUES CRITICAL TO THE DEMAND-SIDE
The Utility Planning Process
Demand Response & Energy Effciency
How Do I Select Those Alternatives That Are Most Benefcial?
Demand-side Evaluation
LEVELS OF ANALYSIS
GENERAL INFORMATION REQUIREMENTS
SYSTEM CONTEXT
TRANSFERABILITY
DATA REQUIREMENTS
COST/BENEFIT ANALYSIS
NON-MONETARY BENEFITS & COSTS
PROGRAM INTERACTION
DYNAMIC SYSTEMS
CONSUMER & MARKET RESEARCH*
CUSTOMER ADOPTION TECHNIQUES
PROGRAM IMPLEMENTATION ISSUES
Program Planning
THE IMPLEMENTATION PROCESS
MONITORING AND EVALUATION APPROACHES
ISSUES IN PROGRAM MONITORING AND EVALUATION
Data and Information Requirements
MONITORING AND EVALUATION PROGRAMS
Index
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Smart Grid

Smart Grid

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Published by: thirumalai22 on Feb 01, 2011
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08/03/2012

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