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MANUAL ASPAL

MANUAL ASPAL

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Published by athawenger
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categoriesTypes, Research, Science
Published by: athawenger on Feb 01, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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04/03/2014

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i
DAFTAR ISI 
Halaman
DAFTAR ISI
………………………………….………....................……….…………..… i
DAFTAR TABEL
…………………………………………….........………………............. v
DAFTAR GAMBAR
……………..…………………………………..........………............. vi1. Ruang lingkup.....................................................................................................2. Acuan normatif...................................................................................................3. Istilah dan definisi...............................................................................................4 Campuran aspal panas......................................................................................4.1 Umum.........................................................................................................4.2. Aspal...........................................................................................................4.2.1 Sumber-sumber aspal.....................................................................4.2.1.1 Aspal hasil destilasi...................................................................4.2.1.1.1 Aspal keras...................................................................4.2.1.1.2 Aspal cair......................................................................4.2.1.1.3 Aspal emulsi.................................................................4.2.1.2 Aspal alam................................................................................4.2.1.2.1 Aspal danau..................................................................4.2.1.2.2 Aspal batu.....................................................................4.2.1.3 Aspal modifikasi........................................................................4.2.1.3.1 Aspal polymer elastomer..............................................4.2.1.3.2 Aspal polymer plastomer..............................................4.2.2 Klasifikasi aspal...............................................................................4.2.3 Sifat-sifat kimia aspal.......................................................................4.2.3.1 Aspalten....................................................................................4.2.3.2 Malten........................................................................................4.2.4 Sifat-sifat fisik aspal.........................................................................4.2.4.1 Durabilitas.................................................................................4.2.4.2 Adesi dan kohesi......................................................................4.2.4.3 Kepekaan aspal terhadap temperatur....................................4.2.4.4 Pengerasan dan penuaan........................................................4.2.5 Hubungan antara temperatur dan volume aspal............................4.2.6 Hubungan antara sifat-sifat kimia dengan sifat-sifat fisik aspal.....4.2.7 Hubungan antara sifat fisik dengan perilaku perkerasan...............4.2.7.1 Pengaruh sifat-sifat aspal selama konstruksi...........................4.2.7.2 Pengaruh sifat-sifat aspal pada masa pelayanan....................4.3. Agregat.......................................................................................................4.3.1 Klasifikasi dan jenis batuan.............................................................4.3.1.1 Klasifikasi batuan......................................................................4.3.1.2 Jenis agregat...........................................................................4.3.2 Sifat-sifat fisik agregat dan hubungannya dengan kinerjacampuran.........................................................................................4.3.2.1 Ukuran butir...............................................................................4.3.2.2 Gradasi......................................................................................4.3.2.3 Kebersihan agregat..................................................................4.3.2.4 Kekerasan.................................................................................4.3.2.5 Bentuk butir agregat.................................................................4.3.2.6 Tekstur permukaan agregat.....................................................1138889910101112121313131313151616171717182124252525272828282931323233343435
 
ii
4.3.2.7 Daya serap agregat..................................................................4.3.2.8 Kelekatan terhadap aspal.........................................................5 Produksi agregat..............................................................................................5.1 Umum.........................................................................................................5.2 Jenis alat pemecah batu.............................................................................5.2.1 Pemecah batu jenis jaw..................................................................5.2.2 Pemecah batu jenis gyratory..........................................................5.2.3 Pemecah batu jenis konus (cone crusher)...................................5.2.4 Pemecah batu jenis bentur (impact crusher).................................5.2.5 Pemecah batu jenis silinder (roll crusher)......................................5.3 Bagian-bagian lain pada unit produksi agregat.........................................5.3.1 Pemasok (feeder)............................................................................5.3.2 Penyalur (conveyor)........................................................................5.3.3 Saringan..........................................................................................5.3.4 Bin penampung...............................................................................5.4 Rasio pengurangan (ratio of reduction).....................................................5.5 Pemilihan peralatan pemecah batu...........................................................5.6 Penimbunan agregat (stockpile).................................................................6 Pengujian kualitas..............................................................................................6.1 Pengujian bahan baku................................................................................6.1.1 Pengujian agregat...........................................................................6.1.1.1 Umum........................................................................................6.1.1.2 Metoda pengambilan contoh (sampling)..................................6.1.1.2.1 Standar pengambilan contoh.......................................6.1.1.2.2 Segregasi agregat........................................................6.1.1.2.3 Pengambilan contoh dari gerbong kereta, truk, tongkangdan kapal laut...............................................6.1.1.2.4 Pengambilan contoh agregat dari ban berjalan .........6.1.1.2.5 Pengambilan contoh agregat dari bin panas..............6.1.1.2.6 Kontainer contoh agregat.............................................6.1.1.2.7 Alat pembagi contoh....................................................6.1.1.3 Pengujian analisa ukuran butir (gradasi).................................6.1.1.4 Pengujian berat jenis dan penyerapan....................................6.1.1.4.1 Berat jenis....................................................................6.1.1.4.2 Penyerapan..................................................................6.1.1.5 Pemeriksaan keausan dengan mesin abrasi..........................6.1.1.6 Pengujian setara pasir..............................................................6.1.1.7 Pemeriksaan gumpalan lempung dan butiran lunak...............6.1.1.8 Pemeriksaan daya lekat agregat terhadap aspal....................6.1.1.9 Pengujian angularitas..........................................................6.1.1.10 Pemeriksaan kepipihan........................................................6.1.1.11 Pengujian partikel ringan......................................................6.1.2 Pengujian aspal...............................................................................6.1.2.1 Umum.......................................................................................6.1.2.2 Pengambilan contoh bahan bitumen......................................6.1.2.3 Titik nyala dengan cleveland open cup....................................6.1.2.4 Penetrasi bahan bitumen..........................................................6.1.2.5 Titik lembek aspal....................................................................6.1.2.6 Daktilitas bahan bitumen..........................................................6.1.2.7 Viskositas temperatur pencampuran dan pemadatan dengan alatviskometer...........................................................6.1.2.8 Pengujian aspal cair.................................................................6.1.2.9 Pengujian aspal emulsi............................................................6.2 Pengujian bahan olahan.............................................................................36363737393940414143444445464747484850505050515151525252535353575760606162626364656565676869697071727478

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