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Unauthorized Immigrant Population National and State Trends 2010

Unauthorized Immigrant Population National and State Trends 2010

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Published by Pablo Manriquez
Published by the Pew Hispanic Center, 1 February 2011
Published by the Pew Hispanic Center, 1 February 2011

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Categories:Types, Research, History
Published by: Pablo Manriquez on Feb 01, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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February 1, 2011
Unauthorized Immigrant Population:National and State Trends, 2010
Jeffrey S. Passel,Senior Demographer D’Vera Cohn,Senior Writer1615 L St, N.W., Suite 700Washington, D.C. 20036Tel (202) 419-3600Fax (202) 419-3608www.pewhispanic.orgCopyright © 2011
Unauthorized Immigrant Population: National and State Trends, 2010www.pewhispanic.org8.49.3*9.49.710.4*11.1*11.312.0*11.611.111.267891011121320002001200220032004200520062007200820092010
 As of March 2010, 11.2million unauthorizedimmigrants were living inthe United States, virtually unchanged from a yearearlier, according to new estimates from the Pew Hispanic Center, a projectof the Pew ResearchCenter. This stability in2010 follows a two-yeardecline from the peak of 12million in 2007 to 11.1million in 2009 that wasthe first significantreversal in a two-decadepattern of growth.The number of unauthorized immigrantsin the nation’s workforce, 8 million in March 2010, also did not differ from the Pew HispanicCenter estimate for 2009. As with the population total, the number of unauthorizedimmigrants in the labor force had decreased in 2009, from its peak of 8.4 million in 2007.The number of children born to at least one unauthorized-immigrant parent in 2009 was350,000, essentially the same as it was a year earlier.An analysis of the year of entry of  unauthorized-immigrant parents indicates that 61% arrived before 2004, 30% arrived from2004 to 2007, and 9% arrived from 2008 to 2010. According to the Pew Hispanic Center, unauthorized immigrants made up 3.7% of the nation’spopulation and 5.2% of its labor force in March 2010. Births to unauthorized immigrantparents accounted for 8% of newborns from March 2009 to March 2010, according to thecenter’s estimates, which are based mainly on data from the government’s Current PopulationSurvey.
Figure 1Estimates of the U.S. Unauthorized ImmigrantPopulation, 2000-2010
Notes: Bars indicate low and high points of the estimated 90% confidence interval. Thesymbol * indicates the change from the previous year is statistically significant.Source: Pew Hispanic Center estimates based on residual methodology applied to MarchSupplements to the Current Population Survey. See Methodology.PEW RESEARCH CENTER
Unauthorized Immigrant Population: National and State Trends, 2010www.pewhispanic.org
The decline in the population of unauthorizedimmigrants from its peak in 2007 appears duemainly to a decrease in the number fromMexico, which went down to 6.5 million in2010 from 7 million in 2007. Mexicans remainthe largest group of unauthorized immigrants,accounting for 58% of the total.The decline in the population of unauthorizedimmigrants since 2007 has been especially marked in some states that recently hadattracted large numbers of unauthorizedimmigrants. The number has decreased inColorado, Florida, New York and Virginia. Thecombined unauthorized immigrant populationof three contiguous Mountain West states— Arizona, Nevada and Utah—also declined.The number of unauthorized immigrants may have declined in other states as well, but thiscannot be stated conclusively because the measured change was within the margin of error forthese estimates.In contrast to the national trend, the number of unauthorized immigrants has grown in some West South Central states. From 2007 to 2010, there was a statistically significant increase inthe combined unauthorized immigrant population of Louisiana, Oklahoma and Texas. Thechange was not statistically significant for these states individually, but it was for the combinedthree states. Texas has the second largest number of unauthorized immigrants, trailing only California.Despite the recent decline and leveling off, the number of unauthorized immigrants living inthe United States has tripled since 1990, when it was 3.5 million. The size of this populationgrew by a third since 2000, when was 8.4 million.The estimates are produced using a multistage method that subtracts the legal foreign-bornpopulation from the total adjusted foreign-born population, with the residual then used as thesource of information about unauthorized immigrants. The source of these data is the U.S.Census Bureau’s March Current Population Surveys.
Table 1States with Changes inUnauthorized ImmigrantPopulations, 2007-2010
2010 2007 ChangeDecline
Florida8251,050 -230New York625825 -200Virginia210325 -100Colorado180240 -65AZ-UT-NV700850 -160
TX-LA-OK1,800 1,550 +240
Note: Changes shown are statistically significant based on90% confidence interval, and are the only statisticallysignificant changes for 2007 to 2010 for individual states.Unauthorized estimates are rounded. Change is computedfrom unrounded data and independently rounded.Source: Pew Hispanic Center estimates based on augmentedMarch Supplements to the Current Population Survey. SeeMethodology.PEW RESEARCH CENTER

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