Unauthorized Immigrant Population: National and State Trends, 2010www.pewhispanic.org
The decline in the population of unauthorizedimmigrants from its peak in 2007 appears duemainly to a decrease in the number fromMexico, which went down to 6.5 million in2010 from 7 million in 2007. Mexicans remainthe largest group of unauthorized immigrants,accounting for 58% of the total.The decline in the population of unauthorizedimmigrants since 2007 has been especially marked in some states that recently hadattracted large numbers of unauthorizedimmigrants. The number has decreased inColorado, Florida, New York and Virginia. Thecombined unauthorized immigrant populationof three contiguous Mountain West states— Arizona, Nevada and Utah—also declined.The number of unauthorized immigrants may have declined in other states as well, but thiscannot be stated conclusively because the measured change was within the margin of error forthese estimates.In contrast to the national trend, the number of unauthorized immigrants has grown in some West South Central states. From 2007 to 2010, there was a statistically significant increase inthe combined unauthorized immigrant population of Louisiana, Oklahoma and Texas. Thechange was not statistically significant for these states individually, but it was for the combinedthree states. Texas has the second largest number of unauthorized immigrants, trailing only California.Despite the recent decline and leveling off, the number of unauthorized immigrants living inthe United States has tripled since 1990, when it was 3.5 million. The size of this populationgrew by a third since 2000, when was 8.4 million.The estimates are produced using a multistage method that subtracts the legal foreign-bornpopulation from the total adjusted foreign-born population, with the residual then used as thesource of information about unauthorized immigrants. The source of these data is the U.S.Census Bureau’s March Current Population Surveys.
Table 1States with Changes inUnauthorized ImmigrantPopulations, 2007-2010
2010 2007 ChangeDecline
Florida8251,050 -230New York625825 -200Virginia210325 -100Colorado180240 -65AZ-UT-NV700850 -160
TX-LA-OK1,800 1,550 +240
Note: Changes shown are statistically significant based on90% confidence interval, and are the only statisticallysignificant changes for 2007 to 2010 for individual states.Unauthorized estimates are rounded. Change is computedfrom unrounded data and independently rounded.Source: Pew Hispanic Center estimates based on augmentedMarch Supplements to the Current Population Survey. SeeMethodology.PEW RESEARCH CENTER