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Hep 90

Hep 90

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Published by Birdy Mad
high energy pulser
high energy pulser

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Published by: Birdy Mad on Feb 02, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Information Unlimited
PO Box 716, Amherst, NH 03031Tel: 603 - 673 - 6493/4730 Fax: 603 - 672 - 5406
EMAIL: riannini@metro2000.netWeb: http://www.amazing1.com
High Energy Pulser 
This device is intended for supplying the pulsedelectrical energy to generate a powerfulmagnetic pulse capable of accelerating objects,constricting cans and shaping metals,exploding and vaporizing materials,accelerating small projectiles to high velocities,powering small rail guns and other functionswhere conditioned magnetic energy is required.Construction and operation is intended for theexperienced experimenter having thenecessary disciplines handling high voltagehigh-energy systems. It is not for the beginner and requires assembly skills.Expect to spend $200 to $500 mainly for the necessary storage capacitors with most parts being availablethrough Information Unlimited <www.amazing1.com>This device will be referenced for use with our Mass accelerator, Can crusher, Wire exploder and Thermoplasma generator projects in subsequent chapters.
System Description
The described system is a valuable lab tool for the experimenter and researcher dealing with electro kineticweapons, high power magnetic, EMP, exploding wires/metal vaporizing, plasma pyrotechnics, high pulsepowered lasers, electromagnetic launchers, gravity propulsion and other similar research.The device provides constant current charging to an external capacitive energy bank up to 5000 Joules with thesystem as shown. Voltage is adjustable from 500 to 5000 volts and is preset by a front panel control. Onceset the voltage will remain at this value until the firing period and then automatically recharge to the preset valueas long as the safety charge button is activated. A meter monitors the voltage selected. A built in triggeredspark switch using 3/8” (9.5mm) pure tungsten electrodes switches the stored bank energy into the target loadwithin a period determined by the load inductance and resistance. A high peak powered pulse approximatelyequal to dE/dt is now produced. (Power is the derivative of energy E)The system as shown is intended for use as the energy charging source and switch for many of our relatedprojects. These plans include our mass accelerator driver as an example of a project capable of convertingmagnetic into kinetic energy and are shown in live action video on web site at <www.amazing1.com> . Go toour 
high voltage
page and scroll down to the
. The other available support projects are as listed andwill be supplemented with more as we complete various research programs, obtain necessary releases andprepare the data.
Information Unlimited
PO Box 716, Amherst, NH 03031Tel: 603 - 673 - 6493/4730 Fax: 603 - 672 - 5406
EMAIL: riannini@metro2000.netWeb: http://www.amazing1.com
Circuit Theory of Operation
(Ref Fig 3-1)
A high voltage current limited transformer (T1) is connected to a full bridge rectifier (D1-4) and charges externalstorage capacitor (C) thru surge limit resistor (R18). External storage capacitor is connected betweendischarge ground and spark electrode (G1). The target load is now connected between discharge ground andspark switch electrode (G2). You will note that the load (R and L) takes on a complex value usually highlyinductive (not in all cases) with a small series resistance resulting from the inductor wire. Spark switchelectrodes G1 and G2 are spaced to approx two to three times the breakdown distance of the current operatingvoltage used.A third trigger electrode (TE1) discharges a fast low energy high voltage pulse into G2 creating a spike of voltage ionizing the gap between G1 and G2 now causing the stored energy in the external storage capacitor todischarge into the load impedance.The charging voltage of the external storage capacitors is sampled by resistor divider network (R17) that alsoprovides the series dropping value for (M1) meter. Charging voltage is programmed by control (R8)connected in series with R17. This control sets the trip level of comparator (I1) biasing relay driver transistor (Q1) where it turns off, de-energizing the primary of T1 through relay (RE1) contacts. Once R8 is set to aselected value, it will automatically maintain this preset voltage level on the external storage capacitors. Asafety push button switch (S3) provides a manual hold for charging the external capacitor.Light emitting diode (LA1) indicates main power “on”. Light emitter diode (LA2) indicates the charge hasreached its programmed value.The spark trigger circuit is a conventional capacitor discharge (CD) system where the energy on capacitor (C6) is dumped into the primary of pulse transformer (T2). This train of positive high voltage pulses generatedon the secondary of T2 are integrated onto capacitors (C8,9) through isolation diodes (D12,13). These highvoltage dc pulses cause ionization between the gaps by the discharging action of trigger electrode TE1. Theinput to this circuit is a voltage doubler consisting of capacitors (C4,5) and diodes (D8,9). The “fire” switch(S1) energizes this circuit causing immediate firing of the spark switch. An (SCR) switch dumps the chargeon C6 and is gate triggered by a (DIAC) biased into break over by the setting of trim pot (R14) and timingcapacitor (C7).A 12-volt transformer (T3) powers the control circuit including RE1 relay. Without this 12 volts the systemcannot be energized without manually actuating RE1. Rectifier diodes (D10-13) rectify the 12 vac thatintegrates onto filter capacitor (C1). Resistor (R1) decouples the 12 volts for regulating via zener diodes (Z3,4)necessary for stable operation of the comparator circuit. Main power for the charging energy is from the 115vac lines fused by (F1) and controlled by switch (S4).
Special Note
Our lab at Information Unlimited has energy storage facilities consisting of 10 racks of (50 each) 32 Mfd 4500volt oil filled cans wired in parallel for a total capacity of 1600 mfd or approximately 13000 joules at 4000 voltsper rack. All racks connected in parallel produce 130,000 joules!! It is paramount at these energy levels toproperly wire and assemble with adequate spacing and conductor/wire sizes to support the multi megawattpulses obtained. Explosion shields are used to protect personnell!The charging time per rack is approximately 10 minutes. All 10 racks would be impractical with this charger,as it would take almost 2 hours!! We use a 10,000 volt 1 amp current controlled system that charges 130,000 joules in 1 minute!! This high-powered charger is available on special request.
Information Unlimited
PO Box 716, Amherst, NH 03031Tel: 603 - 673 - 6493/4730 Fax: 603 - 672 - 5406
EMAIL: riannini@metro2000.netWeb: http://www.amazing1.com
Construction Steps
It is assumed the builder is familiar with the use of basic shop tools and has had intermediateassembly experience.
The pulser is built on a metal chassis 10 X 17 X 1.5” of #22 gauge galvanized steel. It uses a 6500-volt rms20-ma current limited transformer. The layout shown should be followed as closely as possible. A higher capacity transformer can be used with an obvious change in layout size. A suggestion is to parallel connect upto four of the above transformers obtaining 80 ma of charging current. A front panel is used for mounting avoltage meter and all controls. A key switch is recommended when using around unauthorized personal.1. If you purchased a kit, it is suggested to layout and identify all parts and pieces2. Cut a piece of .1 x .1 grid perforated circuit board 6.25” x 4.25”.3. Insert components as shown fig 3-2 and solder using the leads of the components wherenecessary for the connection runs. Dashed line show wiring routing and connectionsunderside of board. Avoid bare wire bridges and potential shorts. Avoid cold solder joints as these will surelybe a problem. Solder joints should be shiny and smooth but not globby.4.
Wire Leads Table (
pre attach to assembly board ref fig 2)
To chassis ground------8” of #18 vinyl wireTo TE1--------------------4” of 20kv HV wireTo R18 resistor----------8” of #18 vinyl wireTo anodes of D3,4------12”of #18 vinyl wire (circuit ground)To T3 12VAC (2)--------8” OF #22 vinyl wireTo M1 meter (2)---------8” of #22 vinyl wire
5. Verify all wiring, correct components, orientation of all diodes and semiconductors and electrolyticcapacitors C1, and 2,4,5,7. Check quality of soldering, shorts and cold solder joints. Solder joints should beshiny and smooth but not globby. Double check before powering up!!
Note factory assembled and tested control boards model # HEPBORDE are available on request 
Sub Assembly of Spark Switch
(Fig 3-2)A. Fabricate BASE1 from a 4 3/4 x 2” piece of 20 gauge galvanized steel. Bend a 1/2” lip as shown.B. Fabricate (2) BRKT1 Brackets from a 2 1/2” x 1 1/4” piece of 20 gauge galvanized steel. Bend a 3/4” lipas shown.C. Fabricate (2) BLK1 Blocks to a 3/4” x 1 x 1 1/4” size from PVC or similar material. Must have goodinsulating properties.D. Fabricate (1) BLK2 Block to a 3/8 x 3/8 x 3” size from virgin Teflon material. Must support the highvoltage trigger pulse.E. Carefully solder the COL1 collars to the BRK1 brackets. Jig up a fixture to guarantee coincidental,alignment of the tungsten electrodes when completed. You will have to use a propane torch or a super hot iron for this step!F. File off the sharp points on eight #8x3/8 sheet metal screws. (This is necessary to prevent the PVCmaterial from flashing over due to corona)G. Trial position the parts, locating and drilling the necessary holes for assembling together. Follow the figurefor proper locations.H. Attach large LUG1 block lugs to either the two sides or lip section of brackets BRKT1. Note the contactmust be positive as current pulses are in the Kilo amps!I. Preset the main gap to 1/16” and the trigger gap to 1/8”.
It is suggested to look over the “ setup information” sheet for the various applications and settings of the spark gap.

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