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Mobility Hub1

Mobility Hub1

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Published by Dhanu Raj

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Published by: Dhanu Raj on Feb 02, 2011
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-Kerala|Centre for Public Policy Research|KumarGroup1
-Kerala|Centre for Public Policy Research|KumarGroup2
1. Introduction
Kochi, the commercial capital of Kerala, is one of the fastest growing two-tier metropolitan citiesin India with a population of 13.55 lakh, including the Kochi Urban Agglomeration (KUA).
TheKochi Urban Agglomeration comprises of Kochi Municipal Corporation, five municipalities, 15Panchayats and a part of three Panchayats. The city has an area of 94.88 sq. km. Urbanexpansion during the past few decades outgrew the limits of Kochi City. The immediatehinterland of Kochi Port has been delineated as the Greater Kochi Region, which covers 731 sq.km- almost eight times the area of the city. According to a study, the city has seen a real estate growth of 30 per cent on a yearly basis forthe last couple of years and has a GDP growth rate of 8.3 per cent
. Kochi is seen as one of thetop three IT/ITES commercial real estate destinations and the availability of 15 Giga bytesbandwidth, through undersea cables ensures seamless data flow and lower operational costs,compared to other major cities in India. Moreover, some very important port-orienteddevelopments are being planned in the city such as the Vallarpadam Transshipment terminal,the LNG terminal at Puduvipe, the SBM of KRL at Vypin, and the SEZ at Vypin. Thus, it goeswithout saying that Kochi is bound to see a fair amount of commercial investment anddevelopment in the years to come. According to the City Development Plan of the Corporationof Kochi, investments to the tune of Rs 15,000 crore are expected to come in the next fiveyears. NH 17, NH 47, NH 49 and National Waterway 3 pass through Kochi. Kochi also has astrategically located Sea Port and an International Airport
.The population growth in Kochi Municipal Corporation alone is expected to be 10 per cent perdecade. The growth of population in the remaining area is expected to be 19 per cent perdecade. Although the present population of the adjoining municipalities and Panchayats is lessthan the population of the Kochi Municipal Corporation, it is projected that the former will be
Census of India, 2001
NH 17 enters Kerala at Thalapadi and joins NH 47 at Edapally and is 420 km long.NH 47 enters Kerala at Wayalara and leaves at Kalyikkavila and is a 416 km long and passes through the VytillaJunction.NH 49 enters Kerala at Bodimettu and joins NH 47 at Kundanoor and is 167.6 km longNational Waterways 3 (NW – 3) consists of the Kottapuram-Kollam stretch (168 km) of the West Coast Canal alongwith Champakara canal (923 km) and Udyogmandal canal (14 km)
-Kerala|Centre for Public Policy Research|KumarGroup3
greater. This will create unprecedented transport demand and passenger inflow to the alreadycongested city adding more inter-city buses and private vehicles.
Kochi city alone accounts for 40 per cent of the urban population in the district. The GreaterKochi Development Authority (GCDA) area encompasses the Municipal Corporation area, sixmunicipalities and adjoining 32 Gram Panchayats. The GCDA covers an area of 729.21 sq. kmwith a total population of 1,797,779 (2001). According to Census 2001, the average populationdensity of GCDA area is 2,465 persons per sq. km. In the city central area, the populationdensity is as high as 6,287 persons per sq. km while it is 1,803 persons per sq. km in the outerfringes.The projected population of the City Development Plan (CDP) area based on the natural growthtrend is estimated to be 12.52 lakh in 2011, 13.69 lakh in 2021 and 14.29 lakh in 2026. Also,once the major projects planned materialize,some migration can be expected. There is a large percentage of floating population, whichcommutes daily to the city from a radius of about 100 km. The total population, including theexpected migration and the floating population, is estimated to be 17.52 lakh by 2011, 21.69lakh in 2021 and 25.29 lakh in 2026 in the CDP area. The City Development Plan of Kochi citycomprises the following townships and Panchayats:
Fig 1: Map of Kochi City
1. Kochi Municipal Corporation2. Kalamassery Municipality3. Tripunithura Municipality4. Elamkunnappuzha Panchayat5. Njarakkal Panchayat6. Mulavukad Panchayat7. Kadamakkudy Panchayat8. Cheranallur Panchayat9. Eloor10. Varapuzha11. Thrikkakara

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