The end of the World War II
During the war, there were some conferences where the leaders planned and organized thefuture of the world once the war was finished:In December 1943, Churchill, Roosevelt and Stalin met in
, Iran planed the finalstrategy for the war against Nazi Germany and its allies, and set date forOperationOverlord(invasion of Normandy)In
(USSR)February 1945, Churchill, Roosevelt and Stalin: final plans for defeat of Germany and postwar Europe plans.The
Conference took place from 25 April 1945 to 26 June 1945 in
, California.At this convention, delegates from 50 countries signed the
foundational treaty of the United Nations.On 11 July, the Allied leaders met in
, Germany. They confirmed earlieragreements about Germany, and reiterated the demand for unconditional surrenderof all Japanese forces. When Japan continued to reject the Potsdam terms, the UnitedStates dropped atomic bombs on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki inearly August. On 15 August 1945 Japan surrendered, on the deck of the Americanbattleship Missouri on 2 September 1945, ending the war.
The global economy suffered heavily from the war, although WWII participants wereaffected differently. Recovery was sped up by the liberalization of European economicpolicy that the
1951) both directly and indirectly caused.The post 1948 West German recovery has been called the
. Also the Italian and French economies rebounded.By contrast, the
was in a state of economic
, and continued relativeeconomic decline for decades.The Soviet Union, despite enormous human and material losses, also experienced rapidincrease in production in the immediate post-war era.Japan experiencedincredibly rapideconomic growth, becoming one of the most powerfuleconomies in the world by the 1980s.China returned to its pre-war industrial production by 1952.