DEFINITION OF FRACTURE:
A break in normal continuity of bone with or without loss of bony contour when stretched or bent beyond its elastic limit due to any trauma or any pathologyis referred to as fracture.This breaks in normal continuity results imbalance of bony architecture, muscular pull and overlying soft tissue. This is turn result in loss of function.
INTRODUCTION OF MANDIBULAR
As the mandible is a hoop of bone articulating with the skull at its proximalends by two joints and since the chin is a prominent feature of face, the mandible is prone to fracture.The mandible has been compared to an archery bow, which is the strongest at itscenter and weakest at its end, where it breaks often. Hence, the fracture occurringin any part of mandible refers to as mandibular fracture.
Mandibular fracture is more common than middle third injury. The mostcommon facial fractures are-Mandible: 61%Maxilla: 46%Zygoma: 27% Nasal bone: 19.5%
The causes of fracture are
Road traffic accident-Major cause