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DOJ Amicus 2-2-11

DOJ Amicus 2-2-11

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02/03/2011

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No. 10-3824IN THE UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALSFOR THE THIRD CIRCUIT___________________________STUDENT DOE 1,
et al.
,Plaintiffs-Appellantsv.LOWER MERION SCHOOL DISTRICT,Defendant-Appellee__________________________________ON APPEAL FROM THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURTFOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF PENNSYLVANIA__________________________________BRIEF FOR THE UNITED STATESAS
 AMICUS CURIAE 
URING AFFIRMANCE_________________________________CHARLES P. ROSE THOMAS E. PEREZGeneral Counsel for the Assistant Attorney GeneralDepartment of Education SAMUEL R. BAGENSTOSPrincipal Deputy AssistantAttorney GeneralMARK L. GROSSERIN H. FLYNNAttorneysDepartment of JusticeCivil Rights DivisionAppellate SectionBen Franklin StationP.O. Box 14403Washington, DC 20044-4403(202) 514-5361
Case: 10-3824 Document: 003110427076 Page: 1 Date Filed: 02/02/2011
 
TABLE OF CONTENTSPAGE
STATEMENT OF THE ISSUE ................................................................................. 1INTEREST OF THE UNITED STATES .................................................................. 2STATEMENT OF THE CASE .................................................................................. 2STATEMENT OF FACTS ........................................................................................ 3
1. Facts
...................................................................................................... 3
2. District Court Proceedings
................................................................... 8STANDARD OF REVIEW ..................................................................................... 12SUMMARY OF ARGUMENT ............................................................................... 13ARGUMENTLOWER MERION’S SCHOOL ASSIGNMENTPLAN IS NOT SUBJECT TO STRICT SCRUTINYAND SATISFIES APPROPRIATE CONSTITUTIONALSCRUTINY ................................................................................................... 14
 A.
 
School Assignment Plans That Rely In Part On Neighborhood Racial Demographics ToPromote Diversity And Avoid Racial Isolation Do Not Demand Strict Scrutiny
................................................ 14
1.
Parents Involved
 Distinguished BetweenClassifying Individual Students By Race And Other Race-Conscious Measures ToPromote Diversity And Avoid Racial Isolation
.......................................................................... 14
2. Neither 
Arlington Heights
Nor 
Pryor
  Demands Strict Scrutiny Here
........................................ 21
Case: 10-3824 Document: 003110427076 Page: 2 Date Filed: 02/02/2011
 
-ii-
TABLE OF CONTENTS (continued): PAGE
 B. Lower Merion’s Assignment Plan Is Not Subject To Strict Scrutiny
...................................................................... 26
 1. The Plan Does Not Use Race To Assign Individual Students To Schools
....................................... 26
 2. Lower Merion Used Routine Assignment Principles To Develop Its Zone-Based Plan And Considered Race Only To Assess The Impact Of Various Alternatives On The EducationOffered To Its Students
................................................... 27CONCLUSION ........................................................................................................ 32CERTIFICATE OF BAR MEMBERSHIPCERTIFICATE OF COMPLIANCECERTIFICATE OF SERVICE
Case: 10-3824 Document: 003110427076 Page: 3 Date Filed: 02/02/2011

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