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WIND POWER GENERATION

WIND POWER GENERATION

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Published by Bharadwaj Santhosh
Document By
SANTOSH BHARADWAJ REDDY
Email: help@matlabcodes.com
Engineeringpapers.blogspot.com
More Papers and Presentations available on above site
Document By
SANTOSH BHARADWAJ REDDY
Email: help@matlabcodes.com
Engineeringpapers.blogspot.com
More Papers and Presentations available on above site

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Published by: Bharadwaj Santhosh on Feb 03, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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01/03/2013

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WIND POWER GENERATION 
Document By
SANTOSH BHARADWAJ REDDY
 
Engineeringpapers.blogspot.comMore Papers and Presentations available on above site
 
Abstract
This paper deals with wind power generation and the problems that arise in generation.As energy crisis is very high in case of developing countries like India, there came urgent need tolook for other sources of energy that are clean and pollution free as conventional sources causemuch pollution. This paved path for non-conventional sources. Of all the renewable energysources; the one that has matured to the level of being a utility generation source is windenergy .It is estimated that wind potential is 1.6*10
7
MW which is same as world energyrequirement. But the only problem is that wind speed is highly fluctuating. So many problemsarise during power generation. So we mainly concentrate on the problems occurred duringgeneration and how they can be rectified. The problems faced are due to local impacts andsystem impacts. Local impacts deals with the impacts that occur in the vicinity of the wind turbineor wind farm. System impacts are the impacts that affect the behavior of the system as a whole.Using modern power electronics and special type of wind turbines that suit to the conditions cansolve local impacts. Designing turbines to withstand voltage variations of certain magnitudes canrectify system impacts to some extent. Controlling the rotor speed by gear mechanism can rectifyproblems due to high wind or computer aided techniques.
 
.
NON-CONVENTIONAL SOURCES
While fossils fuels will be the main fuels for the thermal power there is a fear that they will getexhausted eventually in next century therefore many countries are trying systems based on non-conventional and renewable sources. These are Solar, Wind, Sea, Geothermal and Biomass. Because if wetake solar power on earth it is 10
6
watts.The total world demand is 10
13
watts, If we utilize 5% of the solar energy, it will be 50 times what that world require. If we consider the wind potential it is estimated to1.6*10
7
M.W, which is same as world energy consumption. So the development of non-conventionalenergy source is very; economical. While fossils fuels will be the main fuels for the thermal power there isa fear that they will get exhausted eventually in next century therefore many countries are trying systems based
ADVANTAGES OF WIND ENERGY OVER OTHER NON-CONVENTIONALSOURCES
It is available through out the day unlike solar energy.
After solar energy it is the second largest source of non-conventional source of energy
In India during the mid summer due lack of hydel power generation which is one of themain source of energy there is desperate need for energy. This can be meet to some
 
extent by wind energy as there are very high winds during this period.
Distridution of wind in the year 
05101520
month
  v  e   l  o  c   i   t  y   i  n   k
 J   a n
F      e      b      . 
 M a
 A  p r  i   l  
M    a  y  
 J   un e
J     u   l       y   
A     u     g   
 S      e      p    
 O     c    t    
N     o    v   
D     e    c   
GujaratA.P,T.N,KarnatakaU.P,M.P,Bihar 
By using photo voltaics, the power generated is dc .So it must be converted to ac to feedit to grid. But by using wind energy we can directly produce ac.
In coastal areas, the cost of power generation from wind has become lower than diesel power and compared to thermal power.
From the study of wind distribution, it is estimated that about 27% of the land surface isexposed to an annual wind speed higher than 18.36kmph at 10m above the surface.
ORIGIN OF WIND
The earth is formed of highly varied surfaces and when solar radiations reach the earth, itcreates temperature, density and pressure differences. This causes the development of the wind.
GENERATION OF POWER FROM WIND

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