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DOS Steel Bridge-1

DOS Steel Bridge-1

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DOS, UET, Lahore
DOS, UET, Lahore

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Published by: Adil Javed Chaudhary on Feb 03, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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12/02/2013

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Part 1: BRIDGE STRUCTURESDESIGN OF STRUCTURESSTEEL DESIGN
 
Introduction
DefinitionA structure that allows people or vehicles to cross an obstacle such as ariver, canal or railway, etc. is called a BRIDGE.Function of a BridgeA bridge has to carry a service (which may be highway or railwaytraffic, afootpath, public utilities, etc.) over an obstacle (which may beanother roador railway, a river, a valley, etc.) and to transfer the loads from the service tothe foundations at ground level.A bridge is a key element in a transportation systemfor three reasons:
It likely controls the capacity of the system.
It is the highest cost per Kilometer of the system.
If the bridge fails, the system fails.
 
Structural Differences between a Building and a Bridge
1.Bridges are designed for heavy and concentrated moving loads whereas buildings are usually designed for static distributed loads.2.The impact of moving loads is quite considerable as compared withresidential and official buildings.3.Fatigue may become a problem and hence may reduce the strength due tolarge number of loading cycles.4.Greater part of the structure is exposed to atmosphere.5.The controlling design specifications for bridges are provided byorganizations different from those dealing with the building design. For example,AASHTO Specification may be employed for bridgesin place of AISC Specification for steel buildings.

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