DefinitionA structure that allows people or vehicles to cross an obstacle such as ariver, canal or railway, etc. is called a BRIDGE.Function of a BridgeA bridge has to carry a service (which may be highway or railwaytraffic, afootpath, public utilities, etc.) over an obstacle (which may beanother roador railway, a river, a valley, etc.) and to transfer the loads from the service tothe foundations at ground level.A bridge is a key element in a transportation systemfor three reasons:
It likely controls the capacity of the system.
It is the highest cost per Kilometer of the system.
If the bridge fails, the system fails.