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Pixel Aspect Ratio

Pixel Aspect Ratio

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Published by vishal

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Published by: vishal on Aug 16, 2008
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Pixel aspect ratioFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This article does notciteany references or sources.
Please help improve this article  by adding citations toreliable sources. Unverifiablematerial may  be challenged and removed.
(January 2008)
All or part of this article may beconfusing or unclear.
Please helpclarify the article.Suggestions may be on thetalk page. For other uses, seeAspect ratio (disambiguation).The term
pixel aspect ratio
is used in the context of computer graphicsto describe the layout of  pixels in a digitized image. Most digitalimagingsystems use a square grid of pixels—that is, they sample an image atthe same resolution horizontally and vertically. But there are some devices that do not (most notably somecommon standard-definition formats in digital television andDVD-Video) so a digital image scanned at a vertical resolution twice that of its horizontal resolution (i.e. the pixels are twice as close together verticallyas horizontally) might be described as being sampled at a 2:1 pixel aspect ratio, regardless of the size or shape of the image as a whole.Increasing the aspect ratio of an image makes its use of pixels less efficient, and the resulting image willhave lower perceived detail than an image with an equal number of pixels, but arranged with an equalhorizontal and vertical resolution. Beyond about 2:1 pixel aspect ratio, further increases in the already-sharper direction will have no visible effect, no matter how many more pixels are added. Hence an NTSC picture (480i) with 1000 lines of horizontal resolution is possible, but would look no sharper than a DVD.The exception to this is in situations where pixels are used for a purpose other than resolution - for example, a printer that uses dithering to simulate gray shades from black-or-white pixels, or analogvideotape that loses high frequencies when dubbed.
[edit] Different pixel aspect ratios

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