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Shaykh Abu l'Abbas Al-Mursi Al-Shadhali

Shaykh Abu l'Abbas Al-Mursi Al-Shadhali

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Published by: Arfan Shah on Feb 03, 2011
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07/22/2014

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            
 
ShaykhAbu’l‘Abbāsal-Mursī
TranslatedbyArfanShah
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Releasedby www.marifah.net www.marifah.net www.marifah.net www.marifah.net1429H
HisfullnamewasShihābal-DīnAmadibn‘Umaribn‘Alīal-Khazrajial-BalansiwhosenoblelineageistracedbacktothegreatcompanionSa’adibn‘Ubadāal-’Anarī
.HewasknownbytheagnomenAbu’l‘Abbāsandbythenicknameal-Mursīaftertheplacehewasborn-Mursia.HisgrandfatherwasQaysibnSa’ad,theleaderofEgyptbeforeourmasterImam‘AlīibnAbīālibin36H.OurmasterAbu’l‘Abbāsal-MursīwasborninthecityofMursiainAndalusia
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intheIslamic year616H[1219AD].HisfatherworkedthereandsenthissontoateachertostudytheMajesticQur’ānandtounderstandthecommandsofthereligion.Abu’l‘AbbāsmemorisedtheentireQuraninoneyearandwentontostudytheprinciplesofJurisprudence,readingandwriting.HisfatherwasaMursiantraderandAbu’l‘Abbāsusedtoparticipatewithhiminhisbusiness.ThemoneywhichAbu’l‘Abbāsreceivedfromthetradewentintothepocketsofthepoor,thedestituteandthewayfarers.Theprofitsofhistradeweresufficienttomaintainhimandhislifestyle.HeengagedhisheartintheremembranceofAllahandindoingsoheproceededdayafterday,astepatatime,ontothepathoftruthandrealisation. Abu’l‘Abbāswasknownforbeingtruthful,trustworthy,decentandpossessingintegrityinhisbusinesstransactions.Iftheprofitsofhisbusinesswereonehundredthousandhewouldgiveonehundredthousandtocharity.Hewasanexamplefortheothertradersofhistimeintermsofetiquetteandgentlemannersrequiredbythereligion.HewasalsoanexamplefortheyouthinholdingsteadfasttothepillarsandtherightsofAllah
.Hewouldfastforseveraldayseverymonth.Hewouldobservenightprayersforpartofthenightandhewouldrestrainhistonguefromfoolishnessorprattle.
 
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ModerndaySpain
 
IntheIslamicyear640H[1242AD],hisfatherresolvedtoperformpilgrimagetothehouseofAllah.Soheaccompaniedhimaswellashisbrother,‘AbdullahJalalal-DīnandtheirmotherSayyidaFaima,daughterofShaykh‘Abdal-Ramanal-Māliqī.TheytravelledbyseafromAlgeriauntiltheyreachedthefurthestoutpostoftheshoresofTunisiawhenaviolentstormhitthem.AllthepassengersdrownedexcepttheonesinthecareofAllah
.Abu’l‘Abbāsal-MurandhisbrotherweresavedbyAllahMostHighandtheyproceededtoTunisiawheretheytookupresidence. Abu’l‘Abbāsal-MursīreceivedtheSpiritualPathatthehandsofhisteacher-thefamousspiritualleaderAbu’lasanal-Shādhilī
.Abu’l‘AbbāsmethiminTunisia,intheIslamic year640Hafterwhichhewasnourishedwiththeknowledgeofthetimerelatingto jurisprudence,Qur’ānicexegesis,Propheticnarrations,logicandphilosophy.Theseasonspassedinthespiritualpathuntilhemasteredthesesciences.Imāmal-Mursīsaid,“WhenIarrivedinTunisia,IhadcomefromMursiainAndalusia,Iwasayoungmanatthetime.IheardaboutShaykhAbu’lasanal-Shādhilīandamaninvitedmetovisithim.IsaidIwouldrequestAllahforguidance[inthismatter].ThatnightIsleptandsawmyselfinadreamascendingamountaintop.WhenIreachedthepeak,Isawamaninagreencloak;hewassatwithamanonhisrightandamanonhisleftside.Helookedatmeandsaid,‘Youhavefoundthevicegerentofthetime.’IwokeupanditwastimeforthedawnprayerwhenthesamemanwhohadinvitedmetovisittheShaykhcameagain.SoIwentwithhimandenteredinto[theshaykh’s]presenceandnoticedthesamebenchthatIsawonthemountainpeak-Iwasastonished.ShaykhAbu’lasanAs-Shādhilīsaid,‘Youhavefoundthevicegerentoftheage.Whatisyourname?’SoIinformedhimofmynameandlineage.Hesaid,‘TenyearsagoIraisedyouuptomyself.’FromthatdayonwardsheaccompaniedShaykhAbu’lasanal-ShādhilīandtravelledwithhimtoEgypt. Al-ShādhilīnoticedthatAbu’l‘Abbāsal-MursīhadapurespiritandagoodsoulkeentoapproachhisLord.Hegavehimmanygiftsandtookpersonalcareofhisspiritualnurturingbecausehewouldbecomehisvicegerentafterhim.Hesaid,“OAbu’l‘Abbās,Iswearby Allahthatyoudidnotaccompanyme,untilIbecameyouandyoubecameme.OAbu’l‘Abbās,youhavewhatthemenofAllahhavebutthemenofAllahdonothavewhatyouhave.” AmongstthenarrationsthathavereachedusaboutAbu’lasanal-Sdhilīthatarerenownedinthespiritualcirclesis,“SinceAbu’l‘AbbāsreachedAllahhehasnotbeen veiled;evenifhesoughtaveil,hecouldnotfindit.Abu’l‘AbbāsknowsthecausewaysoftheskiesbetterthanthecausewaysoftheEarth.”ItisauthenticatedthatAbu’l‘Abbāsal-MursīaccompaniedShaykhal-ShādhilīandbecametheleaderinthepathafterImamal-Shādhilī.Beforethis,Abu’l‘Abbāsmarriedoneofthedaughtersofal-Shādhilī;whogavebirthtochildren,amongstthemMuammadandAmad.OneofhisdaughtersmarriedShaykhYāqūtal-Arshiwhowasoneofherfather’sstudentsinknowledgeandmysticism.IntheIslamicyear642H[1244AD],Shaykhal-Shādhilī
sawtheProphetMuammad
inhissleepwhoorderedhimtomovetoEgypt.SoheleftTunisiawithAbu’l‘Abbās,hisbrother‘AbdullahandhisservantAbual-‘Azayim.TheyheadedforAlexandriaundertheprotectionoftheKingal-āliNajmuddīnAyyūb.
 
 Abu’l‘Abbāsal-Mursī
said,“IwaswithShaykhAbu’lasanal-Sdhilīheadedfor AlexandriaonourwayfromTunisiawhenIwasovercomebyasevereconstriction.It weakenedmeuntilIcouldnotbearitsburdensoIwenttoShaykhAbu’lasan.Whenhefeltmypresencehesaid,‘OAmad?’Ireplied,‘Yes,mymaster.’Hesaid,‘AllahcreatedĀdam withhishands,prostratedtheangelstohim,madehisabodeParadisethensenthimtoEarth.BeforehewascreatedAllahsaid,‘IwillplaceavicegerentupontheEarth,’
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hedidnotsay‘inthesky’nor‘inParadise.’ThedescentofĀdam(uponhimpeace)toEarthwashonourable,notdishonourable.HeusedtoworshipAllah,inParadise,throughexperientialknowledgeandwhenhewassenttoEarthheworshippedthroughresponsibility.Onlywhensomeonehaspassedthroughthesetwostagesofworshipdoeshedeservetobecomeavicegerent.YouhaveashareofĀdam.YourbeginningwasintherealmofthesoulsinParadise,experientially.Thenyoudescendedtoworldofthesoulandworshippedthroughresponsibility.Soonlywhenyoupassedthroughthesestagesdidyoudeservetobecomea vicegerent.” Abu’l‘Abbāsal-Mursī
said,“AssoonastheShaykhfinishedthisexplanation,AllahexpandedmychestandtheconstrictionandthewhisperingsthatIhad,left.” Abu’l‘Abbāsal-Mursī
said,“WhenwearrivedinAlexandria,wecameto‘Amūdal-Sawārī.Wewereinneedandextremelyhungry.ArighteousmanofAlexandriacamewithfood.WhentheShaykhwasinformedhesaid,“Nooneshouldeatanyofthisfood.”Wespentthenightasweenteredit,hungry.MorningcameandtheShaykhledusinthedawnprayertheninstructedustobringthefood;wepresenteditandatefromit.TheShaykhsaid,“Ihearda voiceinmydreamthatsaidthemostpermissibleitemisthatwhichyoudidnotexpect,andthatwhichyoudidnotrequestamanorawomanfor.”WesettleddownintheprovinceofKowmad-Dakat.Forthelessonsofknowledgeandspiritualgatheringsal-Shādhilīchoseafamousmasjidcalled
masjid 
al-A’areen-alsoknownasthe
masjid 
oftheWest.TheselessonsandgatheringswereattendedbyalargenumberoftheeliteofAlexandriaaswellasthepublic.ThiswasnotbymereaccidentasAlexandriawas,duringthistime,adistinguishedcityandaplaceoflearningvariousmajorsciences.Thiswasnoticedbymajorfiguresbeforeal-Shādhilīandal-Murhadtakenresidencythere.Theattendeesofthelessonshadincludedal-arawshī,Ibnal-Khaabal-RāzīandāfiAbuāhiral-Salafī.alāhal-Dīnal-AyūbīwaskeentospendthemonthofRamadaninAlexandriainordertolistentoProphetictraditionsfromal-HāfiAbuāhiral-Salafī. Abu’l‘Abbāscontinuedtostrivewithal-Shādhilīintermsofhisspiritualnurturingandproceededuponthepath.Hedidnotleavehimforamomentuntilal-Shādhilīpassedaway. Abu’l‘Abbāsal-Mur
spentfortythreeyearsinAlexandriaspreadingknowledge,purifyingsouls,nurturingstudentsandsettingexamplesofpiousnessanddevotion.ManyreceivedknowledgeatthehandsofAbu’l‘Abbāsal-Mursī,scholarsandcompanionsalike,suchasImamal-Buirī,Ibn‘Ata’illahAl-Sakandarī,Yāqūtal-Arshi,Ibnal-Laban,‘Izzal-Dīnibn‘Abdal-ām,IbnAbūShāmaandothers.Hepassedaway
onthetwentyfifthofDhulQa’idaintheIslamicyear686/1287andwasburiedwithhissonsMuammadandAmadintheprovinceof“Rasal-Teen.”
 
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