Cf. a similar discussion in the Critique of the Gotha Programme, drafted by Karl Marx in1875 though not published until 1891.
Cuba is today gropingly and prematurely trying to find the way to integral communism.
A state monopoly in France. (Translator’s note.)
A Swiss branch of the International which had adopted Bakunin’s ideas.
Pi y Margall was a minister in the period between 1873 and 1874 when a republic wasbriefly established in Spain. (Translator’s note.) When, in January 1937, Federica Montseny, awoman anarchist who had become a minister, praised the legionalism of Pi y Margall, GastonLeval replied that he was far from a faithful follower of Bakunin.
La Revolution Proletarienne is a French monthly; Robert Louzon a veteran revolutionarySyndicalist. (Translator’s note.)
Robert Louzon pointed out to the author that from a dialectic point of view this statementand that of Pelloutier are in no way mutually exclusive: terrorism had contradictory effects onthe working-class movement.
A Bolshevik historian who later became a Stalinist.
See [Social-Democratic Condemnation of Anarchism].
Jacquerie was the name given to the French peasant revolt of 1358 (from jacques, thenickname of the French peasant). (Translator’s note.)
Debate among Anarcho-Syndicalists on the relative merits of factory councils and tradeunions was, moreover, nothing new; it had recently divided the anarchists in Russia and evencaused a split in the ranks of the editorial team in charge of the libertarian paper Golos Truda,some members remaining faithful to classical syndicalism while others, including G. P.Maximoff, opted for the councils.
In April 1922, the KAPD set up a “Communist Workers International” with Dutch andBelgian opposition groups.
The Spanish National Confederation of Labour.
In France, for example, the trade unionists who followed Pierre Besnard were expelledfrom the Confederation Generale du Travail Unitaire (obedient to the Communists) and, in1924, founded the Confederation Generale du Travail Syndicaliste Revolutionnaire.
Whereas in Castile and in the Asturias, etc., the social-democratic trade union centre, theGeneral Union of Workers (UGT) was predominant.
The CNT only agreed to the creation of industrial federations in 1931. In 1919 this hadbeen rejected by the “pure” anarchists as leading toward centralism and bureaucracy; but ithad become essential to reply to the concentration of capitalism by the concentration of theunions in a single industry. The large industrial federations were only really stabilised in 1937.
See [Anarchists in the Trade Unions].
Not to be confused with intermediate political forms, which the anarchists, unlike theMarxists, reject.
The International Workers’ Association to which the CNT was affiliated had a specialcongress in Paris, June 11-13, 1937, at which the Anarcho-Syndicalist trade union centre wasreproached for participating in government and for the concessions it had made inconsequence. With this backing, Sebastien Faure decided to publish a series of articles in theJuly 8, 15, and 22 issues of Le Libertaire, entitled “The Fatal Slope.” These were severelycritical of the decision of the Spanish anarchists to take part in government. The CNT wasenraged and brought about the resignation of the secretary of the International Workers’Association, Pierre Besnard.
“In theory,” because there was some litigation between villages on this subject.
This refers to the time when the POUM (Partido Obrero Unido Marxista) together with rank-and-file anarchists came into armed conflict with the police and were defeated and crushed.(Translator’s note.)
As of July 1969.
James Joll recently wrote to the author that after reading this book he had to some extentrevised his views.
by Daniel Guerin
PREFACE1. THE BASIC IDEAS OF ANARCHISMA Matter of WordsA Visceral RevoltHorror of the StateHostility to Bourgeois DemocracyCritique of Authoritarian SocialismSources of Inspiration: The IndividualSources of Inspiration: The Masses2. IN SEARCH OF A NEW SOCIETYAnarchism is Not UtopianThe Need for OrganisationSelf-ManagementThe Bases of ExchangeCompetitionCentralisation and PlanningComplete Socialisation?Trade UnionsThe CommunesThe Disputed Term “State”