Water can accumulate in walls from twosources: water leaks, and vapor ladenair that penetrates the wall to producecondensation. Water from leaks presentsthe greatest threat of water accumulationin walls. Since water can leak directlyinto the wall, it can quickly accumulateto levels that will degrade the woodcomponents as well as other productsin the wall. Moisture vapor from airpenetration and vapor diffusion areimportant, but represent much smalleramounts of water accumulation.
how water leaKs intowood wall ConstruCtion
Water leaking through the envelope of a structure is the largest contributor tobuilding damage. Leaks are caused bya number of factors, including:
Improper or missing flashing
Improper installation of weather-resistive barriers
Poorly designed or executed wallintersections and penetrations Wood structures have the ability toabsorb, distribute and dissipate smallamounts of water, especially fromintermittent sources. Problems arisewhen there are design or constructionerrors that allow water into wall cavi-ties at a rate that exceeds the struc-ture’s ability to absorb and eliminatethe water. Wood construction willperform indefinitely if properly done,but is subject to failure if exposed toprolonged wetting where the woodmoisture content exceeds 19 percent.
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A P A – T H E E N G I N E E R E D W O O D A S S O C I A T I O N
• A L L R I G H T S R E S E R V E D . • A N Y C O P Y I N G , M O D I F I C A T I O N , D I S T R I B U T I O N O R O T H E R U S E O F T H I S P U B L I C A T I O N O T H E R T H A N A S E X P R E S S L Y A U T H O R I Z E D B Y A P A I S P R O H I B I T E D B Y T H E U . S . C O P Y R I G H T L A W S .
flashing window when using house wrap
In the case of single-wall construction consisting of siding applied direct to studs or over nonstructuralsheathing, it may be necessary to attach the windows to the outside of the building. In such instances, refer tothe manufacturer’s recommended installation procedures.