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The United States Marines in the Guadalcanal Campaign

The United States Marines in the Guadalcanal Campaign

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Published by Bob Andrepont
United States Marine Corps history of the Marines on Guadalcanal.
United States Marine Corps history of the Marines on Guadalcanal.

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Published by: Bob Andrepont on Feb 04, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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04/21/2011

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THE UNITEDSTATESMARINES
inthe
GUADATCANALAMPAIGN
NSVIEUMAI{IDAPPROYED4 JUN 1962
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,C. A. YOU}IGDAI,EBrlcadlorGonoral,U.s.llarlno corps-AsslstantChlefofStaff'o-3
 
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Unltedstates Marlnes1ntheGuadalcanalSg4PglglbyHenryI. sbaw,Jr.The flrstAnerlcanground offenslve1nthePaclflcdurlngWortdWar II tookplaceatan obscurelsland ln the soulhernSolomons--Guadalcanal.There, hehightlde of Japaneseconqueatlrasreachedand the ebbbegan.UntlfthedeclslvenavalBattleolMldway(4-6June 1942),Allledforces could dollttlemorelhanhold wha'ltheyilad,walt,andprepare,AfterMidway,the U. S' Jolnt ChiefsofStalfdeclded thatthe strateglcsltuatlonhad lnproved eouglrto rlskthe mountlngof a llnltedoffenslve'The targetchosenwa€ Tulagl, a smal-1"sl.andoncetheheadquartersof the BrltIshSolomon€lands Protectorate,andwtthIt suchpartsofsur-roundlnglsLands aeseemed ecesoaryto hold theobJectlve' Aflnedeep-water anchorageexlstedbetweenTulagland nelghbor-lngFlorldaTs]and, andon Guadalcanal,20 m11essoutbact'o$aSeal.arkChannel, kunalgrasEp1a1nsamldsttheJungleweresultablefor extenslvealr.flelddevelopment.In Ju1y, wher)aerlalreconnalsganceshowed hatbheJapanese had begun tobulldanalrlleld on Cuadalcanal,the larger1sland became heprlncpa] target.The dlvlslon ofthe Pdclflclntooperatlonalconulandrd.'3madeby the JcSon30Match1942placedall of thesolomonschaln 1nGeneral DouglasMacArthurrsSouthwestPaclflc Area,In revlewlnglrheforces avallabfefor the CuadafcanalTu1ag1

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