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Table Of Contents

Transmission types
Manual transmission
Unsynchronized transmission
Synchronized transmission
Internals
First Gear
Synchronizers
Clutch
How Clutches Work
Automobile Clutch
Force and Friction
What Can Go Wrong?
Differential (mechanics)
Active differential
History
Epicyclic gearing
Why You Need a Differential
What is a Differential?
Spinning at Different Speeds
How Differentials Work
Open Differential
On Thin Ice
Off Road
Clutch-Type Limited Slip
Viscous Coupling
Locking and Torsen
Driveshaft
Driveshaft Angle
Vibration
The universal joints work as follows:
Constant-velocity joint
Faultfinding and diagnosis
Constant Velocity Drive Shafts
Gear selection
Floor-mounted shifter
Column-mounted shifter
Sequential manual
Some Basics
Planetary Gearsets
Planetary Gearsets & Gear Ratios
Animation of the different gear ratios related to automatic transmissions
Click on the buttons on the left in the table above
Gears
How the gears in the transmission are put together
Inside the planet carrier: Note the two sets of planets
Ratio = -R/S = -72/30 = -2.4:1
Second Gear
1 + R/S = 1 + 36/30 = 2.2:1
1 / (1 + S/R) = 1 / (1 + 36/72) = 0.67:1
Third Gear
Overdrive
Ratio = 1 / (1 + S/R) = 1 / ( 1 + 36/72) = 0.67:1
Reverse
Ratio = -R/S = 72/36 = 2.0:1
Gear Ratios
Clutches and Bands
Bands
One of the bands
The pistons that actuate the bands are visible here
Clutches
The clutch plates
When You Put the Car in Park
The output of the transmission: The square notches are engaged by the parking-
The empty housing of the transmission with the parking brake mechanism
This rod actuates the park mechanism
Top view of the park mechanism
Hydraulic System
Gear pump from an automatic transmission
Valves and Modulators
Throttle Valve or Modulator
Manual Valve
Shift Valves
Electronic Controls
CVT (Continuous Variable Transmission)
Difficulties
CVT Basics
Pulley-based CVTs: The Parts
Pulley-based CVTs: Creating "Gears"
Pulley-based CVTs: Applications and Advances
Metal belt design
Toroidal CVT
Hydrostatic CVTs
CVT Benefits
Comparison with automatic transmissions
Advantages
Disadvantages
Applications and popularity
Spur Gears
Helical Gears
Bevel Gears
Hypoid bevel gears in a car differential
Worm Gears
Worm gear
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Transmission

Transmission

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Published by Prashanth Kumar

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Published by: Prashanth Kumar on Feb 05, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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04/02/2013

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