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War Crimes in Sri Lanka ICG May 2010

War Crimes in Sri Lanka ICG May 2010

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Published by cessch
international crisis group issues document on war crimes in sri lanka, may 2010
international crisis group issues document on war crimes in sri lanka, may 2010

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Published by: cessch on Feb 05, 2011
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03/28/2014

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WAR CRIMES IN SRI LANKA
Asia Report N°191 – 17 May 2010 
 
 
TABLE OF CONTENTSEXECUTIVE SUMMARY AND RECOMMENDATIONS.................................................iI.
 
INTRODUCTION.............................................................................................................1
 
II.
 
THE WAR AND ITS AFTERMATH..............................................................................3
 
A.
 
T
HE
D
EFEAT OF THE
T
AMIL
T
IGERS
.............................................................................................3
 
B.
 
T
HE
A
FTERMATH
.........................................................................................................................6
 
III.
 
ACTIONS OF THE GOVERNMENT............................................................................9
 
A.
 
A
TTACKS ON
H
UMANITARIAN
O
PERATIONS
...............................................................................10
 
B.
 
A
TTACKS ON
H
OSPITALS
...........................................................................................................15
 
1.
 
PTK hospital..............................................................................................................................16
 
2.
 
Ponnambalam Memorial Hospital.............................................................................................18
 
3.
 
Putumattalan hospital.................................................................................................................18
 
4.
 
Mullivaykkal hospitals...............................................................................................................19
 
C.
 
A
TTACKS ON
C
IVILIANS
.............................................................................................................20
 
1.
 
First “No Fire Zone”..................................................................................................................21
 
2.
 
Second “No Fire Zone”..............................................................................................................22
 
3.
 
Final “No Fire Zone”.................................................................................................................23
 
IV.
 
ACTIONS OF THE LTTE.............................................................................................24
 
A.
 
M
URDER AND
C
RUEL
T
REATMENT OF
C
IVILIANS
......................................................................25
 
V.
 
THE CASE FOR INVESTIGATIONS..........................................................................27
 
A.
 
T
HE
L
EGAL
C
ASE
.......................................................................................................................27
 
B.
 
T
HE
P
OLICY
C
ASE
......................................................................................................................28
 
1.
 
The vicious cycle of impunity....................................................................................................28
 
2.
 
The risks of renewed conflict.....................................................................................................29
 
3.
 
The Sri Lankan model: assault on international humanitarian law............................................29
 
4.
 
Undermining the United Nations...............................................................................................29
 
C.
 
T
HE
P
OLITICS OF
A
CCOUNTABILITY
...........................................................................................30
 
1.
 
Domestic dead-ends...................................................................................................................30
 
2.
 
International action....................................................................................................................31
 
VI.
 
THE OPTIONS FOR JUSTICE....................................................................................33
 
A.
 
I
 NTERNATIONAL
I
 NQUIRY
..........................................................................................................33
 
B.
 
T
HE
I
 NTERNATIONAL
C
RIMINAL
C
OURT
....................................................................................34
 
C.
 
F
OREIGN
J
URISDICTIONS
............................................................................................................34
 
1.
 
Criminal prosecutions................................................................................................................34
 
2.
 
Civil suits...................................................................................................................................35
 
VII.
 
THE POLICY RESPONSE.........................................................................................36
 
VIII.
 
CONCLUSION.............................................................................................................37
 
 
 
APPENDICES
A.
 
M
AP OF
S
RI
L
ANKA
.........................................................................................................................38
B.
 
M
AP OF THE
V
ANNI AND
F
RONT
L
INES OF
B
ATTLE AS OF
2
 
J
ANUARY
2009.....................................39
C.
 
M
AP OF THE
F
IRST
“N
O
F
IRE
Z
ONE
”................................................................................................40
D.
 
M
AP OF THE
S
ECOND AND
T
HIRD
“N
O
F
IRE
Z
ONES
”........................................................................41
E.
 
M
AP OF
H
OSPITALS IN THE
V
ANNI FROM LATE
2008........................................................................42
F.
 
A
BOUT THE
I
 NTERNATIONAL
C
RISIS
G
ROUP
....................................................................................43
G.
 
C
RISIS
G
ROUP
EPORTS AND
B
RIEFINGS ON
A
SIA SINCE
2007.........................................................44
H.
 
C
RISIS
G
ROUP
B
OARD OF
T
RUSTEES
................................................................................................47

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