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United States Marine Corps Parachute Units

United States Marine Corps Parachute Units

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Published by Bob Andrepont
United States Marine Corps history of Marine parachute units.
United States Marine Corps history of Marine parachute units.

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Published by: Bob Andrepont on Feb 05, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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04/24/2011

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DEPARTMENTFTHE NAVY
ITEAOOUARTERSNITED5TATESMARINECORFSwASHtGTOtl 25.D,C.
REI'IEWEDAND APPROVEDJUNE 1962
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C. A. YOUNEDALEBflg&dlen Oeneral,U. s. Marllro CorpEAEslEtant Chlef, ofStaff' C-3
 
I'I{ITEDSTATESMARI$ECOBPSPTNACSUTE'NITSBy
MaJor JohnH.Johnstone,USMCPrlor to1940, nostllartnesthoughtofparachutesonly1nterms of,alrplanepllotandpaasengersafety. TheeffectlveutlllzatLonofbarachutlstsln combatby theCernans earlyln,thatyearprompledthe MarlneCorpsto conside!:the uge of suchunlts.A stualyby theDlvlslonofPlans andPollcles, lleadquar-tersMarlne Corps,envi-sagedslrnllal'problensforparaqhutelandedforcesas foramphlblouslandedtroopg.Th15 reportlndlcatedtheneed fora thoroughstudyof theareaof enploy-mentas earlyasprastlcableXntheplannlngstageand nadesDeclflcrecorunendatlonsonthe onganlzatlonofMarlnepara-chute troopeandthe tectlcatenploynentof suchfonces. ItenureratedtheprobableobJectlvesofparachute,troopsand elim-narlzedby recotflrnendlngthattheltarlneCorps develop such arr"""-inirpiie orthe 6oet andt!:uethat woul-dberequLred'(L)Marlnethlnklng onparashutetroop organlzatlon ts z'e-vealed norefuuyln a DlvlstonofPlans andPollclea rnenoranduawhichantlctpatedthat aparaohuteunltwouldlnoludeafu1lLnfantnyba1rtallon,onepLatoon ofpackhowltzer8, and addltlonaLantlalraraftand antltankunltsalong wlththnee.unttsof filreforalL annaand three days ratlonaandwater.(z)Aften h16conslderalrLonoftheparachute pnobfenr,theDlt'ector,DLvlsLonof Avlatlon,Ileadquarteral'lanLne corpa,Dointedout thattheprocunementof naterleLand the tnalnlng-ofpersonnelwere the chiefprob1en8.TheposslbLelocatlonsof tralnlngcentersand theprocurenentofmaterlel,lncludlngaLnplanea,receLved detalledattentlon.['horoughstudles of,Irh6personnelpfoblemenphaslzedthatparachutetnalneeathouldhavepartlcularlyhtgtlphysLcaland mentalquaLlflcatlonsandshouldbe volunteers.(3 )Earlyln L94O, thecomrandant stated that ttrequestlonofparatroopandalfborne actlvltlesfortheMarlneCor.p8 wsgunderconslderatlon.(4)Naval attacheswere requeBted to furnl8hreportsof recentparachuteactlvlty onthepartoftheGermans,Russlana,and Frenqh,i.npartlcular.The Dlvlslon of PlansandPollclesputforth a tentatlve reconrnendatlonforthe fomattonof a tactlcal,parachuteorganlzatton.llarlneparachutetroopgwe!.e eoncelved ag 11ght shock troops wtroaeunctlonwaBi

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