CHAPTER 3. MARKET AND TECHNOLOGY ASSESSMENT3.1 INTRODUCTION
This chapter provides a profile of the distribution transformer industry in the UnitedStates. The Department developed the preliminary market and technology assessment presentedin this chapter primarily from publicly available information. This assessment is helpful inidentifying the major manufacturers and their product characteristics, which form the basis for the engineering and the life-cycle cost (LCC) analyses.
3.2 DISTRIBUTION TRANSFORMER DEFINITION
The definition of a distribution transformer was presented in the Energy Policy Act(EPACT) of 2005, and then further refined by DOE when it was codified into the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) on April 27, 2006. 10 CFR 431.192; 71 FR 24972.EPACT 2005 established that the definition of a distribution transformer would be asfollows:The term 'distribution transformer' means a transformer that -(i)has an input voltage of 34.5 kilovolts or less;(ii)has an output voltage of 600 volts or less; and(iii)is rated for operation at a frequency of 60 Hertz.The term 'distribution transformer' does not include -(i)a transformer with multiple voltage taps, the highest of which equals at least20 percent more than the lowest;(ii)a transformer that is designed to be used in a special purpose application andis unlikely to be used in general purpose applications, such as a drivetransformer, rectifier transformer, auto-transformer, impedance transformer,regulating transformer, sealed and non-ventilating transformer, machine tooltransformer, welding transformer, grounding transformer, or testingtransformer; or (iii)any transformer not listed in clause (ii) that is excluded by the Secretary byrule because -(I)the transformer is designed for a special application;(II)the transformer is unlikely to be used in general purpose applications; and(III) the application of standards to the transformer would not result insignificant energy savings.The term ‘low-voltage dry-type distribution transformer’ means a distribution transformer that— (A) has an input voltage of 600 volts or less;(B) is air-cooled; and(C) does not use oil as a coolant.