ABUSE AND NEGLECT OF CHILDREN AND THEELDERLY
Types of child and elder (persons aged 65 and over) abuseinclude physical abuse, emotional or physical neglect, andsexual abuse. The elderly may also be exploited for monetary gain.
Abuse-related injuries must be differentiated from injuriesobtained during normal activity. Examples of accidental(i.e., non-abuse) injuries in children include bruises andscrapes on bony prominences (e.g., chin, forehead, knees,elbows) or, in the elderly, bruising on extensor surfaces of the limbs.
Occurrence of abuse and characteristics and signs thatindicate neglect and abuse are shown in Table 20-1.