For the manufacture of gear wheels, comparatively complicated and highly precise machinetools are required. The wide variety of existing types of machines is the result of the effortmade to find economic production methods for the geometrically diverse gear-tooth forms. Therequirements of a gear-cutting machine result from the demands that are made by the machineelement 'gear wheel', e.g.:(
) high geometric accuracy, notwithstanding the complicated form necessary for the smoothtransmission of motion;
high material strength to enable the transmission of large torques with small-sized wheels;(
) large varieties of design, particularly in the field of small-batch and 'one .off' production, inorder to optimize specialized drive characteristics.Systematic classifications of gear-cutting machines can be made from a variety of differentstandpoints. As a general survey, all techniques for the production of gear wheels aresummarized in
. From the aspect of the qualities obtainable, differentiation may bemade between roughing and fine-finishing processes. In line with the previous chapters, thetechniques will be divided into chip-producing and chipless production methods. The chip-producing machines are further subdivided according to the cutting geometry of their cuttingtools.