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National Drug Policy

National Drug Policy

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Published by: Muhammad Umar Farooqi on Feb 06, 2011
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05/05/2013

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Ministry of HealthGovernment of Pakistan
 
1.1Pakistan is committed to the goal of Health for all by theyear 2000, which was inspired by the principle of social equity. Toachieve this, the Government is taking all possible measures in thefield of health services at large and drugs in particular. Formulation of the National Drug Policy thus forms an integral component of itsNational Health Policy, purpose of which is to ensure regularavailability of essential drugs of acceptable efficacy, safety and qualityat affordable prices to all irrespective of their socio-economic status orplace of living. Essential Drugs are those, which meet the health careneeds of the majority of the population. Hence they will help incombating disease and maintaining and improving the health of population. The goal in nutshell is to develop, with-in the resources of the country potential through the availability of drugs to controlcommon diseases and to alleviate pain and suffering.1.2Towards achieving this goal, Pakistan has a druglegislation, a quality control system, and certain other elements of adrug policy in fragmented form, but to meet the challenges of the day,a more comprehensive drug policy is necessary.1.3This document outlines the National Drug Policyencompassing all aspects of drugs, which has been formulated for thefirst time in Pakistan to serve as a future guide.2.1The specific objectives of the National Drug Policy are as under:-(a)to develop and promote the concept of essential drugs andto ensure regular, uninterrupted and adequate availabilityof such drugs of acceptable quality and at reasonableprices.(b)to inculcate in all related sectors and personnelthe concept of rational use of drugs with a view
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to safeguarding public health from over-use,misuse or inappropriate use of drugs.(c)to encourage the availability and accessibility of drugs inall parts of the country with emphasis on those which areincluded in the National Essential Drugs List.(d)to attain self sufficiency in formulation of finished drugsand to encourage production of pharmaceutical rawmaterials by way of basic manufacture of activeingredients.(e)to protect the public from hazards of substandard,counterfeit and unsafe drugs.(f)to develop adequately trained manpower in all fieldsrelated to drugs management.(g)to develop a research base particularly for operational andapplied research with a view to achieving the abovementioned objectives.(h)to develop the pharmaceutical industry in Pakistan with aview to meeting the requirement of drugs within thecountry and with a view to promoting their exports toother countries.Following general frame work is designed to achieve aboveobjectives;-3.1In order to ensure availability of safe, effective and qualityproducts at reasonable prices. Pakistan has a fairly modern legislationnamely the Drugs Act, 1976. Under this law comprehensive rule havealso been framed on various aspects of drug control. The law providesa system of licensing of each manufacturing house and registration of all finished drugs with a view to ensuring efficacy, safety ad quality of the drugs sold in the market. For licensing and registration CentralLicensing and Registration Board comprising of experts from the fieldof medicines and pharmacy are established. Quality Control is ensuredthrough inspection and laboratory services. The law also provides for
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