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Decision Support Tool for Sustainable Bioenergy (2010)

Decision Support Tool for Sustainable Bioenergy (2010)

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Published by: United Nations Environment Programme on Feb 07, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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01/11/2013

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 An Overview
UN ENERGY 
A Deciion suppor tool forsuainale bioenergy 
 
A Decision Support Tool forSustainable Bioenergy
 An OverviewPrepared by FAO and UNEP as a UN Energy publication 
PrefaceNational policyProject WhyWhichWhoWhat WhereHowQuestions and ToolsGood PracticeImplementation
ISBN: 978-92-5-106638-6
 
2 3
 The Secretary General’s Advisory Group on Energy andClimate Change (AGECC) proposed an ambitious goal toensure universal access to modern energy services by2030. Lack of access to sustainable, affordable, reliableenergy has been recognised as a key constraint in theattainment of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). This, combined with the urgent need to reduce GHGemissions globally, provides the impetus for prioritising theuse of low-carbon energy technologies alongside energyefficiency measures.Modern bioenergy has the potential to make an importantcontribution to rural development and poverty alleviation.It can do so by increasing access to safe and sustainableenergy in poorly served areas while opening up newemployment and business opportunities that may changelives for the better. Bioenergy can be a particularly potenttool for developing countries seeking to develop along alow-carbon growth path with increased energy security.Bioenergy currently makes up some 14% of global energysupply, and the production of modern bioenergy for heat,electricity and transport is growing rapidly worldwide,not least due to an increasing number of governmentsimplementing supportive policies and measures. However,as any energy source, bioenergy comes with a number ofenvironmental and social risks that need to be addressed,for example those related to biodiversity, water, food secu-rity and land tenure. To ensure that potential benefits frombioenergy development materialize and potential risks areminimized, government authorities and decision-makers atnational, regional and local levels need to make choices,both in bioenergy strategy development and decisionson promotion and licensing of investment options. Thesechoices should be made based on science and withthe aim of using resources efficiently. Meeting all policyobjectives equally may not be possible, and trade-offs for different objectives might be necessary. We are pleased to present this new Bioenergy DecisionSupport Tool. UN-Energy aims to assist countries in creat-ing responsible decision-making processes that managerisks and challenges in a transparent and effective manner. The Tool proposes step-wise guidance for both thestrategy formulation and the investment decision-makingprocesses, and offers a repository of technical resourcesand links to existing tools, guidelines and informationresources.Putting into place clear frameworks helps create a moresustainable bioenergy sector, stable investment climates,and ultimately helps to achieve the goal of energy accessfrom sustainable and low carbon sources.
Kandeh Yumkella,
Director General UNIDO and Chair UN Energy
Jacques Diou
Director General FAO
 Achim Steiner
Executive Director UNEP
 
Definitions
Bioenergy:
energy derived from biofuels.
Biouel:
fuel produced directly or indirectly from biomass suchas fuelwood, charcoal, bioethanol, biodiesel, biogas (methane) or biohydrogen.
Biomass:
non-fossil material of biological origin, such as energycrops, agricultural and forestry wastes and by-products, or manure.
Preface
    ©    D   r   e   a   m   s   t   i   m   e

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