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Standard Balances

Standard Balances

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Published by punitmissesu
standard balances
standard balances

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Published by: punitmissesu on Feb 07, 2011
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1
STANDARD BALANCES
Introduction
Mass of a given object is determined by comparing it against a standard of known mass using the balance as a comparator. The precision of measurement of mass depends on the performance of the balance used.Therefore, it is imperative that before a balance is chosen for calibration of agiven set of weights, it is evaluated for its performance. A brief method of testing an equip-arm balance is described in the following pages. The balancemust be checked periodically and any adjustments required due to wear andtear should be carried out immediately.The results obtained depends on the environment. Therefore, an area, whichis free from vibration and excessive air currents, where changes intemperature and relative humidity and minimal, is selected. The balanceshould be placed on a steady stone table. The floor, on which the balance isresting should be rigid and preferably be the ground floor.
Specifications of Standard Equipments
Specifications of Standard Equipments is noted under chapter III,Rule 7, 8 & 9 of Standards of weights and measures (General) Rules1987.
Types of standard balances:-1.
 
Reference Standard Balances2.
 
Secondary Standard Balances3.
 
Working Standard Balances4.
 
Working Standard Digital Type Balances1.
 
Reference Standard Balances:-
A set of reference Standard Balances shall be maintained at every place wherethe reference standard weights are kept for the purpose of verification of secondary standards.Every reference standard balance shall be verified at least once in six monthsand shall be adjusted, if necessary, to make it correct within the units if 
 
2
 
sensitivity and other metrological qualities as are specified in part-
I
of schedule IV.
2.
 
Secondary Standard Balances:-
C
apacity:- 20 kg, 5 kg, 1 kg, 200 gm, 20 gm, 2 gm.A set of secondary standard balances shall be mentioned at every placewhere secondary standard weights are kept for the purpose of verification of working standards.Every secondary standard balance shall be verified at least once in oneyear and shall be adjusted, if necessary to make it correct within thelimits of sensitivity and other metrological qualities in part II of schedule IV.
Capacity Sensitivity  figure,mg/div.Mini. Scaledivision
Maximumvariation insensitivity figurewith respect toload 
Minimumoverall accuracy of measurement 
1 2 3 4 520kg5 kg1 kg200 gm20 gm2 gm257.51.50.50.10.021.5 mm1.0 mm1.0 mm1.0 mm1.0 mm0.75 mm10 per cent 10 per cent 10 per cent 10 per cent 10 per cent 10 per cent 
25 mg in 10 kg7.5 mg in 2 kg1.5 mg in 500g0.5 mg in 50g0.1 mg in 5 gm
0.02 mg in 1mg
3.
 
Working Standard Balances:-
C
apacity:- 50kg, 5kg 200gm, 50gm, 2gm.A set of working standard balance shall be maintained at every placewhere working standard weights are kept for the purpose of verification of weights intended to be used for transactions, orprotection, or industrial production.Every working standard balance shall be verified at least once in a yearand shall be adjusted, if necessary to make it correct within the limits of 
 
3
 
sensitivity and other metrological qualities as are specified in part IIIschedule IV.
Capacity Max. sensitivity  figure/divisionMaximumvariation insensitivity figureMinimum overall accuracy of measurement 
50 kg5 kg200g50g2 g100mg10mg1 mg0.4mg0.05mg20 per cent 20 per cent 20 per cent 20 per cent 20 per cent 100 mg in 10 kg10 mg in 500 g1 mg in 100 g0.4 mg in 5 g0.05
 
g in 1 mg
4.
 
Working standard Digital type balances:-
Every working standard digital type balance shall conform, as regards value of verification scale interval as given below:-
Capacity Max. value of verificationscale interval Type of weights to beverified 
50kg20kg2 kg200g1 g0.1g10mg0.1mg
Non-bullion : 50 kg and 20 kg
Bullion : 10 kg, 5 kg;Non bullion : 20 kg to 2 kgBullion : 2 kg to 500g;Non bullion : 2 kg to 200gBullion : 200g and belowNon- bullion : 200g andbelow

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