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USMLE Flashcards: Microbiology and Immunology - Side by Side

USMLE Flashcards: Microbiology and Immunology - Side by Side

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Published by MedSchoolStuff
Over 190 pages of flashcards!
Over 190 pages of flashcards!

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Published by: MedSchoolStuff on Feb 07, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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(T/F) The outer membranefor G+ and the cellmembrane for G- act asmajor surface antigens.FALSE: they DO act a majorsurface antigens BUT theouter mb for G- and the cellmembrane for G+Are endotoxins heat stable?yes, stable at 100C for 1 hr.Are endotoxins secreted fromcells?NOAre endotoxins used asantigens in vaccines?no, they don't produceprotective immune response
Are exotoxins heat stable?no, destroyed rapidly at 60C(exception: Staphylococcalenterotoxin)Are exotoxins secreted fromcells?YESAre exotoxins used asantigens in vaccines?Yes, TOXOIDS are used asvaccinesDescribe the chemicalcomposition of peptidoglycan.Sugar backbone with cross-linked peptide side chains.
Describe the majorcomponents of a G- cell wall.inner and outer lipid bilayermembranes - thin layer of peptidoglycan - periplasmicspace - containslipopolysaccharide,lipoprotein and phospholipidDescribe the majorcomponents of a G+ cell wall.one lipid bilayer membrane -thick layer of peptidoglycan -contains teichoic acidDescribe the process of conjugation.DNA transfer from onebacterium to another.Describe the process of transduction.DNA transfer by a virus fromone cell to another

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