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Civil Procedure I Outline

Civil Procedure I Outline

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Published by Johnny Emm
Civil Procedure Part I Outline for my 1L Quinnipiac course with Professor John Thomas
Civil Procedure Part I Outline for my 1L Quinnipiac course with Professor John Thomas

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Published by: Johnny Emm on Feb 07, 2011
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C
IVIL
P
ROCEDURE
 
C
ONTENTS
 Judicial Remedies ............................................................................................................. 1-2Equitable Remedies ................................................................................................ 1-2Specific Relief ......................................................................................................... 2Statutory Compliance with Due Process Clause ................................................................ 3Territorial Jurisdiction ...................................................................................................... 3-4Minimum Contacts ................................................................................................. 4-5Fairplay and Substantial Justice ............................................................................. 5O
UTLINE
 JUDICIAL REMEDIESRemedies- Rule 64
 pg 119Attachment ± the seizure of propertyPreliminary Injunction ± specific relief - rule 65aTemporary Restraining Order ± rule 65b
General Damages
:Text book; naturally flow from this kind of conductPersonal Injury; not out of pocket (pain and suffering)
Special Damages
:Textbook; peculiar to the circumstancesPersonal Injury; out of pocket ($)
EQUITABLE REMEDIES
1.
 
The distinction between plenary and provisional remedies
y
 
Plenary remedies are awarded at the end of a lawsuit
y
 
Provisional remedies may be awarded at any time
2
.
 
C
ompensatory Damagesa.
 
Tort
C
ases
y
 
M
edical expenses
y
 
economic losses attributable to the interruption of normal life on account of theinjury
y
 
L
ost income during the period required for recovery
y
 
E
conomic loss attributable to any permanent injury
y
 
"
 pain and suffering
"
either temporary or permanenta.
 
C
ontract
C
ases
y
 
"B
enefit of the bargain
"
 
y
 
"L
iquidated damage clause,
"
if contract is broken a provision states dollar amount
y
 
"
liquidated damages
"
may be seen as a penalty and struck down for actualdamages
3
.
 
Are compensatory damages fully compensatorya.
 
Attorney's fees -are not included
 
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  b.
 
Interest - are includedc.
 
The collateral source rule - damages are not reduced for payment by third parties(insurance companies)d.
 
Overcompensation, undercompensation and tort reform
y
 
C
aps have been put on
"
 pain and suffering
"
 
y
 
C
aps may be problematic, undercutting actual damages
4
.
 
Punitive/exemplary damagesa.
 
B
asic principles
y
 
C
annot be awarded without compensatory damages
y
 
Are punishment for bad faith, intentional, reckless acts
y
 
Private fines for moral outrage b.
 
State limitations on punitive damages
y
 
In some states they go to State Treasury
y
 
Some states have caps
y
 
Some states look at defendants income
y
 
C
onstitutional questions on caps
y
 
F
ederal constitutional limits on punitive damages
y
 
Substantive and procedural requirements are contained in the Due Process
C
lause
y
 
Damages cannot be grossly excessiveReprehensibility of the defendant's conductThe ratio between the punitive damage award and the severity of harminflicted or threatenedThe ratio between the punitive award and legislative sanctions for similar misconduct
SPECIFIC RELIEF
1.
 
Specific relief: injunctions
y
 
Section 1291-
general rule (541)
y
 
Section 1292
± 
the exceptions interlocutory decisions (541)
y
 
To perform or not perform a specific act
y
 
Important consequences1.
 
The terms where an injunction takes place is on the discretion of the court2.
 
Tried to a judge rather than a jury2.
 
Restitutionary remedies: constructive trusts, and rescission or cancellation
y
 
Protects against unjust enrichment due to contractual obligations regarding property3.
 
Other equitable remediesa.
 
Reorganization of financial affairs - untangle financial affairs of businesses b.
 
Suits to determine title to land4.
 
Declaratory relief: the court declares the legal rights of a party and no other relief 5.
 
Provisional remedies: attachment.
y
 
A judicial order obtained in the early stages to stabilize the situation pending thefinal disposition of the case or to provide security to the plaintiff 6.
 
Provisional remedies: temporary restraining orders and preliminary injunctions
y
 
Only if immediate relief is necessary and the defendants presence cannot besecured in time for a hearing
 
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 US:
C
T v. Doehr 
 Mathews v. Eldridge
Test:
STATUTORY COMPLIANCE WITH 14TH DP CLAUSE
± pg85I.
 
Private Interest that will be affected by official actionsa.
 
Interest of the Plaintiff 1.
 
Difficulty collecting judgmenti.
 
Hide assetsii.
 
Declare bankruptcyiii.
 
Attaching real property b.
 
Interest of the DefendantII.
 
Risk/valuea.
 
E
rroneous Depravation: 861.
 
C
T Probable
C
ause to sustain the claim - 86i.
 
Probability of a win.ii.
 
Survive a motion to dismiss; allege sufficient facts to awarddamages. Possibility of a win.iii.
 
Plaintiff has a good faith belief Judges looked to the lowest standard to determine the constitutionality of the others. b.
 
Added the Safeguards 871.Post attachment hearing2.Double damages if the attachment was erroneousIII.
 
Government Interest - 88a.
 
What if any Government interest
TERRITORIAL JURISDICTION
C
ONTA
C
T A
C
TIVITY JURISDI
C
TION
I
solated Relationship
U
nrelated
E
vent
NO
 jurisdiction
C
ontinuous Relationship
U
nrelated
E
vent
G
eneral Jurisdiction
I
solated Relationship
elated
E
vent
S
 pecific Jurisdiction
C
ontinuous Relationship
elated
E
vent
S
 pecific/
G
eneral JurisdictionGeneral Jurisdiction ± 
 
not related to the activity (helicopteros 201) ± 
 
must have systematic and continuous contact ± (Helicopteros 191)Specific Jurisdiction ± related to the activity (helicopteros 201)Special Appearance ± only at the state level (interlocutory appeals); feds 12(b)(2)
 In
Rem
(
quasi-i
n
-
rem) Property (Shaffer 252)needs minimum contact/fairness in all assertions of jurisdiction (Int. Shoe 166)
 In
Perso
n
am
Persons (Shaffer 252)(
B
urnham 270)4 votes: presence = territorial jurisdiction4 votes: minimum contacts and fairness

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