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Table Of Contents

Climate change – nature or human nature?
The carbon cycle
The greenhouse effect
Climate change – the paleoclimate record
Causes of climate fluctuation
The evidence
Predictions
Recent uncertainties
What is being done?
The outlook for energy
The nuclear option
Renewable technologies – the marine environment
The UK energy picture
Energy from rivers and seas
Hydroelectric generation
Small-scale hydro
‘Run of river’ systems
Tidal energy
Passive solar energy
Active solar
Renewable technologies – the wider spectrum
Solar thermal electricity
The parabolic solar thermal concentrator
Photovoltaics
Wind power
Biomass and waste utilisation
Hydrogen
Nuclear power
Low energy techniques for housing
Construction systems
Solar design
Types of solar thermal collector
Windows and glazing
Insulation
The range of insulation options
High and superinsulation
Transparent insulation materials
Insulation – the technical risks
Domestic energy
Photovoltaic systems
Micro-combined heat and power (CHP)
Fuel cells
Embodied energy and materials
Advanced and ultra-low energy houses
The Beddington Zero Energy Development – BedZED
The David Wilson Millennium Eco-House
Demonstration House for the Future, SouthWales
The prospects for wood
The external environment
Harvesting wind and water
Small wind turbines
Types of small-scale wind turbine
Building integrated systems
Conservation of water in housing
Domestic appliances
Existing housing: a challenge and opportunity
The remedy
Case study
Low energy techniques for non-domestic buildings
Design principles
Environmental considerations in the design of offices
Passive solar design
Ventilation
Natural ventilation
Internal air flow and ventilation
Unassisted natural ventilation
Mechanically assisted ventilation
Cooling strategies
Evaporative cooling
Additional cooling strategies
The ecological tower
Summary
Air conditioning
Energy options
The fuel cell
Proton exchange membrane fuel cell
proton exchange membrane fuel cell
Phosphoric acid fuel cell (PAFC)
Solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC)
Alkaline fuel cells (AFC)
Molten carbonate fuel cell (MCFC)
Storage techniques – electricity
Photovoltaic applications
Heat pumps
Energy storage – heating and cooling
Seasonal energy storage
Electricity storage
Building management systems
Tools for environmental design
Lighting – designing for daylight
Design considerations
The atrium
Light shelves
Prismatic glazing
Light pipes
Holographic glazing
Solar shading
Lighting – and human failings
Photoelectric control
Glare
Dimming control and occupancy sensing
Switches
System management
Air conditioned offices
Lighting – conditions for success
Summary of design considerations
Cautionary notes
Why do things go wrong?
High profile/low profile
The ‘high-tech demand’
Operational difficulties
Building related illness
Inherent inefficiencies
Common architectural problems
Common engineering problems
Avoiding air conditioning – the issues
Common failures leading to energy waste
The human factor
Summary of recommendations
Conclusions
Life-cycle assessment and recycling
Waste disposal
Recycling
Life-cycle assessment
Whole life costing
Eco-materials
External finishes
Paints
Materials and embodied energy
Recycling strategy checklist
State of the art case studies
The National Assembly for Wales
SOCIAL HOUSING
Beaufort Court, Lillie Road, Fulham, London, 2003
Beddington Zero Energy Development (BedZED)
Integrated district environmental design
Ecological City of Tomorrow, Malmo, Sweden
Towards the less unsustainable city
Glenwood Park, Atlanta, Georgia
Energy for the future
Next generation solar cells
Artificial photosynthesis
Energy storage
Hydrogen storage
Flywheel technology
Advances in lighting
The photonic revolution
Smart materials
Smart fluids
Socio-economic factors
Index
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Architecture in a Climate of Change

Architecture in a Climate of Change

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Published by Anshul Rawat

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Published by: Anshul Rawat on Feb 07, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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04/15/2012

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