Project Management Terms
Capacity BuildingTo increase the operating efficiency of a government or non-government institution, acommunity based organisation, a community or an individual through training (increasingknowledge), changed operating procedures, restructuring, etc.Community DevelopmentA process of developing or building up communities of men and women to enableempowerment, self-sufficiency and control over their environment. Communitydevelopment differs from community consultation in that it achieves deeper knowledge,empathy, active participation and an increase in overall community confidence in itscapacity to take decisions. Community consultation refers to a more unequal processwhere one party dictates the terms on which information will be transferred and responsesobtained.EffectRefers to the outcomes of a development activity and/or project at the purpose level.Purpose, effect and outcome are the same.EmpowermentIncreasing the capacity of individuals, communities or institutions to become more self-reliant.EvaluationIs the assessment of how well a project/activity achieved its objectives. Ongoing evaluation(during project implementation) is referred to as 'review' and is linked closely withmonitoring.GADGender and Development - an analytical approach which considers both women’s andmen’s roles and responsibilities within the community and their relationship to each other inorder to ensure that women’s concerns and needs are addressed in design andimplementation of activities.Gender AnalysisThe process of considering the impact that a development program or project may have onwomen / girls and men / boys, and on the economic and social relationships between them.ImpactAny effect caused by a proposed activity on the environment including human health andsafety, flora, fauna, soil, air, water, climate, landscape and historical monuments or other physical structures or the interaction among these factors; it also includes effects oncultural heritage or socio-economic conditions resulting from alternatives to those factors.Indicator Is the unit of measurement (or pointers) that is used to monitor or evaluate theachievement of project objectives over time. Indicators can include specification of quantifiable targets and measures of quality.M&EMonitoring and Evaluation.Management PlanThe systematic collection of information and development of specific strategies and actionsthat will bring about a desired outcome.