The Technology Advancement Unit of the Division of Transportation Infrastructure Development,
Bureau of Highway Construction, conducts and manages the highway technology advancement program of the Wisconsin Department of Transportation. The Federal Highway Administration provides financial and technical assistance for these activities, including review and approval of
“The performance of polyacrylamide in controlling erosion is based on the fact that it is a flocculant. Itforms ionic bonds of smaller soil particles together to make larger particles. This makes the soil moreresistant to the erosive forces of dispersion and shear. Further, the polyacrylamide enhances the
intrusion of water into the soil, resulting in increased soil moisture to promote seed germination, lower runoff, and less soil detachment from erosion. Comparison of the polyacrylamide (PAM) with other erosion control products that are currently used by Wisconsin Department of Transportation (WisDOT)
shows that this product is effective in controlling erosion. In addition, it is relatively inexpensive whencompared to erosion mat, very easily applied, is not affected by weather conditions, and when appliedfollowing the manufacture’s recommendations is environmentally safe.”The above extract warrants immediate trials of the product in order to ensure that further damage is notdone to an already fractured landscape.4.2
Rooting & Fruiting Hormones Seed Pre-Treatment:
GIBBERELLINS: Gibberellins cause enlargement of cell walls, particularly internode cells and somefruit cells. They cause breaking of dormancy, move freely in the plant and are produced in the roots andnew leaves.CYTOKININS: Cytokinins are produced in the root tips and are carried upwards in the xylem tissue.
They loose concentration as they move towards the leaves. Cytokinins affect cell division.Hormones are produced in some organs and move to other organs to change their characteristics. For instance, in wheat early growth is dominated by Gibberellins, the middle stage by Cytokinins and thelater stages by Auxins.
HORMONE INTERACTION:Root Initiation:
High Cytokinin/ Auxin rates develop shoot growth. It reduces the Auxin+ IAA effect.The above ratios inhibit shoot growth of roots towards the tip. When Cytokinins are lower back fromthe root tip, branch roots will grow. When Auxin rates get really high, adventitious roots will appear from the stem.The hormone balance of the plant is responsible for dictating its response to environment factors. Thisis of prime importance and the major factor for maximum economic yield if response is adequate.Good nutrition is essential for the health of the plant but will fail to provide the desired results in case a plant is unable to use this nutrition. The size, shape and yield of a plant depend upon hormone balance.Fertilizer nutrients do affect this balance but the major factor is the climate. With changes in climatethe hormone balance of the plant is altered. This is more in some varieties of plants and less in others.This is dictated by the genetics of that particular plant. It is possible to change the
of a plant so that it can quickly adjust to climate change. Thus it is not essential to change the basicGenetics of a plant, which is quite an expensive proposition. By modifying the genetic expression of a plant we can weather proof it and ensure that climate change has less impact. Since the last many years,