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Reston Vision and Planning Principles with Track Changes

Reston Vision and Planning Principles with Track Changes

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Published by Terry Maynard

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Published by: Terry Maynard on Feb 08, 2011
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Vision and Planning Principles Discussion Documentfor Steering Committee Meeting 02/08/2011
page 1 of 4
Vision
Reston will be a completecommunitydesigned for the 21st century with abalance of jobs and housingandconnected to the WashingtonD.C.Metropolitan Regionand WashingtonDulles International Airport by Metro’sSilver Line. A full range of housing choicesshouldbe provided for all incomesand a range of employment opportunities should be available. Cultural, educational, andrecreational opportunities and the natural environment will continue to be a focusof thecommunity.The vision for Reston should shape its physical growth and development,particularly at the three new Metro stations, and provide broad choices in housingand lifestyle for an increasingly diverse population to enable those who live andwork in Reston to achieve their goals.The center of Reston will be three dynamic, linear transit oriented neighborhoodslinked together by Metro stations thatenhanceconnectivity from east to west andwill be the central feature of an expanded transit network improving connectivitynorth to south.Reston should continue to offera broad mix of regional retail inthe Town Center,with enhancedlocal retail in the other Metro station areas andthe village centers. Employment opportunitiesin the future should build upon theexistingmix of international and national corporations, professional associations,centers for advanced technology, research and development companies, as wellas local services.Existing institutional uses includinga major hospital center, a government center,other civic uses such as the Reston Regional Libraryandpublic and private universitiesshould be preserved and expanded.
Planning Principles
Planning for future residential and commercial development will consider Restonas a comprehensive unit. Development projects will be evaluated in terms oftheir ability to meet the planning principles and the particular vision andrecommendations for each area, as well as their specific impacts on thesurrounding neighborhoods. The following principles provide guidance fordevelopment of Reston in the 21st century.
1. Strive for excellence in planning, urban design, and architecture
Development and redevelopment should be of the highest caliber in terms oftown planning, architectural design, compatibilityof uses, and livability.Redeveloped areas should be designed as integral parts of the larger Restoncommunity instead of stand-alone developments. Integrate public art intonewdevelopmentand redevelopment.
 
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High standards forgreen neighborhood andbuilding practices for all publicand private developmentshould be required.
 
Vision and Planning Principles Discussion Documentfor Steering Committee Meeting 02/08/2011
page 2 of 4
2. Provide housing for all ages and incomes
Continue to accommodate people of all ages, physical abilities, economiccircumstances, and families of all sizes and stages of family life. This includesaffordable and physically accessible housing.
3.Plan for environmental sustainability and green technology
As an essential and unique feature of community building, protect the integrity ofnatural resources by conservation, and restoration. Incorporate the preservationof environmentally sensitive areas as a central planning principle to reduce theimpact of development on the environment.Enhance and preserve publically  and privately ownednatural, open space areas including woodlands, meadows,lakes, ponds, streams, wildlife habitat, drainage and catchment areas, and otherenvironmentally sensitive areas.Natural, open space areas should providecorridors for movement of wildlife.High standards for green neighborhood andbuilding practices for all public and private development should be required.
4.Balance land use with infrastructure
There should be an appropriate balance of jobs and housing in Reston as awholeto make best use of existing and planned infrastructure. 
4. Concentratedevelopment near transit
Focusthe highest densities for residential andnon-residentialdevelopmentwithin one-quarter milein the Metro rail stations tp maximize the use of rail.Densities should step down from the Town Center area, to the Reston East/Wiehle Avenue and Reston West/Herndon-stationareas, and finally to the village centers. Incorporate transit oriented developmentstrategies to reducesingle-occupancy vehicle trips. Support the opportunity forfuture air rights development to provide additional crossings of the Dulles TollRoad, to enhance access to the rail stations, and to link north and south Reston.
 
Phase and fund the expansion and modification of all modes of transportationand other infrastructure such as schools and public facilities in concert withdevelopment. Convenient interconnectivityshouldbe assured within the transitcorridor, between it and the rest of Reston, and across major roads, including theDulles Toll Road. Infrastructure should be completed concurrently withdevelopment.
5.Maintain the Reston Town Center as an active central place
 The Town Center includes the RestonTown Center Metro NorthStation Area,  theexistingUrban Core Area and the North Town Center area. Continue todevelop the Reston Town Center as an integrated and vibrantmixed-useurbancenter for Reston. Concentrate thecommunity’shighest densitiesand  transportation facilities in the Town Center.
 
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Planning anddesign practices for publicand private developmentshould provide for best stormwater management practices,eliminate invasive plants,preserve mature trees, reduceimperviousness, providesignificant tree canopy, andencourage energyconservation.
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Vision and Planning Principles Discussion Documentfor Steering Committee Meeting 02/08/2011
page 3 of 4
6.Transform the rail corridor
Transform the rail corridor fromitsexistingcharacter as a predominantlysingle use officeand industrialcorridor intothree urban mixed-useneighborhoods  within Restonwith selected existing office parks to remain. Each of the transitstation areas should haveadistinctcharacterand complement each other to meetthe needs of the community.The corridor should include a mix ofemployment options, housing for all, retail, cultural and recreation opportunities,advanced education, and institutional uses.Active and passive open spaceshould be incorporated into the corridor.The evolution of the corridor should include enhancing the design character ofthe public streets, open spaces and buildings.Link the three Metro station areasbyimproving the pedestrian environment alongSunrise Valley Drive and SunsetHills Drive,creating a finer grain networkof streets, circulatorandshuttle buses, sidewalks, bikeways, and trails.
7.Augment and Enhance the Village Centers
The village centers serve as important building blocks of the Reston communityand a focus of each neighborhood. They should include a mix of retail, housingand a limited amount of employment. Pedestrian and bicycle trails andconvenient public transportation options, such as regular shuttle buses, shouldlink the village centers to the transit stations.
8.Maintain the character of the existing residential neighborhoods
Preserveexistingstableresidential neighborhoods, which include a variety of housing types and serve all income levels. Provide adequate transitionsbetween new development and the adjacent existing neighborhoods to maintainthe essential character of the neighborhoods.
9.Connect the Reston community
Enhance the public realm by providing a range of high quality transportationfacilities including roads, bridges, sidewalks, bikeways, trails, and transitthat linkactivity centers and nodes, as well as open spaces, parks, schools andrecreational facilities. Encourage connections to the Metro stations andstrengthen the local feeder/circulator bus system. Provide additional non-motorized transportation options and use transportation management to reducethe reliance on the single use automobile.
 
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The corridor shouldinclude a mix of retail,advanced education,institutional, housing for all,employment options, andcultural and recreationopportunities.
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