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Combat estimate French Morocco Army May 1 1942. pt2

Combat estimate French Morocco Army May 1 1942. pt2

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Published by Paul D Carrier

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Published by: Paul D Carrier on Feb 08, 2011
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04/14/2012

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FRENCH
MOBOC
CO
Combat
5.
Equipment
.
Clothing
and
Equipment.
a.
Individual
(1)
Clothing.
(a)
Foreign
Legionnaires
.
The
dress
of
these
men
is
the
kepi
(cap)
with curtain
in
back,
blue
coats
>
white
trousers,
low
"boots.
/
(b)
White
troops*
The
Foreign
Legion
and
colonial
troops
wear
theordinary
khaki
uniform,
with
the
addition
of
a
"blue
sash,
or
cummer
"bund
in
the
case
of
the
former.
Worth
African
troops,other than
Algerian
light
cavalry
(Chasseurs
d'Afrique),
wear
the
fez
or
turban
....'.
In
the
case
of
officers,
the service
jacket
is
of
the
British
type,
"but
with
a
collar
only
just
low
enough
to
reveal
an
inner
white
collar
and
"black
tie.
Either
"breeches
or
trousers
may
"be
worn.
Mounted
officers
wear
spurs.
With
"breeches,
cavalry
officers
wear
field-boots,
other
officers
ankle-hoots
with
leggings
or
puttees.
The
headdress
is
the
"kepi",
or,
in
the
case
of
light
infantry,
tank,
-
armored
car
units
and
fortress
troops
the
""beret"
.
Other
ranks.
The
servicejacket
has
aclose
fitting
collar.
The
greatcoat,
in
the
case
of
infantry,
is
worn
with
the
bottom
ends
folded
back.
Breeches
onlyare
worn,,
no
trousers.
Mounted
soldiers
wear
leggings
and
spurs;
dismounted
soldiers;
puttees*
The
steel
helmet,
with
a white
cloth
cover
to
reflect
the
heat
of
the
sun
from
the
wearer's
head,
is
worn
for
guard
duties,
maneuvers
and
exercisesotherthan
drill
parades,
/
Extreme
simplicity
and
utility
is
the
principal
attribute
of
French
uniform.
(°)
Nativetroops.
The
Tirailleurs
are
dressed
like
the
European
infantry.
The
Spahis
wear
long
loose
trousers
gathered
into their
boot
tops.
A
blouse,
singlebreasted,
is
also
worn.
Around
their
waist,
they
wear
a
leather
belt
supported
by
bandoleers
over
their
shoulders.
Instead
of
greatcoats, they
wear
long
capes.
In
action,
they
wear
their
belts
and
bandoleers
over
their
capes,
so
the
cape
becomes
a
long
tunic.
A
turban
is
vorn
on
the
head.
(2)
Personal
equipment.
Organizational
and
tactical
equip
ment
is
lacking
in
quantity.
The
total
weight
in
personal
equipment
carried
by
a
French
infantryman
is
73-1/2
pounds.
The
total
weight
carried
by
a
French
cavalry
horse,
including
rider,
is
approximately
375
pounds.
Supplies
to
the
army
have been
curtailed
by
the
Germans.
In
some
cases,the
Germans
have even
requisitioned
supplies
directly
from
the
troops
themselves.
The
Air
Force
troops
around Marrakech
in
19^1
had
two
of
their
winterissue
of
three
blankets
requisitioned
-
from
them
leaving
them
but
one
apiece
for
the
approaching
winter.
The
French
infantryman
is
armed
with
a
rifle
or.
carbine
which
fires
an
8
mm.'
bullet
and
is
equipped
with
bayonet.
Officers
carry
an
automatic
pistol
firing
a:
7-
65
caliber
bullet.
The
rifles
i>
s
&
 
;
''
\u25a0\u25a0
"\u25a0
\u25a0\u25a0\u25a0
•'\u25a0
\u25a0
.
\u25a0\u25a0\u25a0\u25a0
.
-
:\u25a0\u25a0\u25a0
\u25a0-,\u25a0\u25a0\u25a0\u25a0\u25a0
''
'15
and
carbines
weigh
about
sevenpounds.
The
pistol
weighs.
.a
little
over
two
The
rifle
and
carbine
have
a
practical
range
of
1,200
feet;
the
pistol,
150
feet.
A
rifleman
can
fire
with
accuracy
eight
to
ten
rounds
per
minute,
depending,
of'
course,
on
his
degree
of
skill.
Both
rifle
grenadesandhand
grenades
are
carried,
The
former
hasa.range
of
15Q
yards
and
the
latter
30
yards.
Bayonets
of
the
long
French
type
are
carried
by
footsoldiers
with
rifles
or
carbines.
,
Cavalry
and
artillery
are
armed
with
the
same
types
of
personal
weapons.
Other
branches
are
armed
with
pistols
or
rifles
as
described
above.
"b*
Organizational.
\25a•
\u25a0
.
(l;
Tanks
.
So
far
as
known
there are
no
tanks
with
the
,
\u25a0
units
stationed
in
Morocco.
'
(2)
Armored
cars.
There
are
believed
to
be
about
25
Laffly
armored
cars
of
the
1930
type
in
Morocco.
c.
\u25a0 \u25a0
Tactical
Equipment.
JTy
Artillery.
French
artillery
in
Morocco
is
composed
of
(al
Modern
Howitzers;
155
m.
mm.
guns;
105
75
J^
o1
*
horse
drawn;
65
mm.
horse
drawn.
These
guns
include
one
mountain
or
pack
artillery
group
.
(b)
C.A.
155
mm*
long
and
marine
guns;
7.6-inch
(19^
mm.)
guns;
5
.^-
inch
(
138
mm.
)
guns
;
Two
155
mm..
R.R.
guns, suspected;
3.9-inch
(100
mm.)
guns;
2.
95-
inch
(75
mm.
)
guns
(c).
A_._A
L
90
mm.
long
A.
A.
guns;
37
mm.
long
A.A.guns;
13.2
mm.
machine
A.A.
guns
The
13.2
mm.
A.A.
is
mounted
on
a
tripod
with
a
seat
for
the
gunner
on
one
leg.
The
piece
consists
of
two
identical
barrels
laid
parallel
so
that
onegun
is
really
two.
Many
of
the
coast
defense
guns
are
in
naval
gun
turrets
with
all
around
traverse
or
in
concrete
emplacements.
The
coast
defense
has
recently
been
improved
with
all
guns
being
put
into
shape,
new
ones
set
7
up,
\u25a0
and
all
concrete
requisi
tioned
for
emplacements,
etc,
 
FRENCH
MOROCCO
Combat
16
(2)
Anti-tank
Guns.
(a)
25
mm.
guns
(Canons
de
25:38)
.
The
standard
equip
ment
is
one
to
a
"battalion
and
three
to
a
regiment..
These
guns
did
excellent
service
during
the
invasion
of
France
In
19^0.
They
were
particularly
effective
against
the
!
German
tanks
of
the
type
PZKW
-.
1
and
2,
against
light
tanks
and
,
armored
cars
up
to
a.
range
of
2,000
yards;
and
against
heavy
tanks
up
to
1,000yards.
It
was
found
very
difficult
to
camouflage
these
guns
in
the
Flanders
campaign,as
the
gun
flashes
were
very
"brilliant
andimmediately
gave
away'
the
positions.
,\u25a0.\u25a0•'\u25a0
\u25a0"\u25a0\u25a0\u25a0':.'\u25a0'•.'
The
gun
is
mounted
on
pneumatic
tires
andhas
a
\u25a0
shield.
Fire
is
"by
direct
laying:.
(3)
Machine
Guns.
Besides
the
heavy
,13.2.
mm.
machine
guns
mentioned
a"bove,
the
army
in
Morocco
has
a
number
of
Hotchkiss
-
guns
8
mm.
"bullets.
This
gun-
is
also
mounted.
on
1
a
tripodwith
a
wide
traverse
and
is
of
the
air
cooled
type.
The
gun
and
stand
to
gether
weigh
ahout
10
U
pounds,
the
gun
a"bout
53
pounds.
The
gun
fires
200
rounds
per
minute
and
can
"be
laid
directly
or
indirectly.
When
laid,
"by
the
formermethod,
it
is
effective
up
to
1,600
yards,
and
when
laid
"by
the
latter
method,
it
is
effective
up
to
3>SQO
yards.
It
can
also
"be
use,d
against
airplanes
up
to
1,000
yards
away.
It
is
thought
that
there are
not
over
500
machine
guns
in
all
Morocco
at
present,
including
those
which
have
"been
overhauled
and
those
which
are
to
"be
overhauled,
according
to
unconfirmed
data*:.'
{k)
Automatic
Rifles.
There
are
thought
to
"be
between
900
and
1,000automatic
rifles
in
all
French
Morocco.
These
guns
weigh
approximately
20
pounds
and
fire
a.
7.65
calrber
"bullet.
The
magazine
contains
25
rounds.
Their
fire
is
effective
up.
to
1,200
yards
and
their
rate
of
fire
in
"bursts
is
150
rotmds
perminute.
A
"burst
of
six
to
seven
rounds
is
the usual
method
of
fire.
Direct
and
indirect
fire
is
possible
and
a
front
of
from
"between
50
to
1,000
yardscan
"be
interdicted.
The
gun
has
two
short
legs
near
the
muzzle
for
support,
as
it
is
usually
fired
from
the
prone
position.
However,
it
can
"be
fired
at
airplanes
up
to
600
yards
away.
There
is
a
cone
shaped
shield,
over
the
muzzle
to
camouflage
the
flash.
(5)
Heavy
Weapons
,
otherthan
Machine
Guns
.
(a)
37
ffon°
gun.
This
is
a
close
support
weapon
and
u0084
is
mounted
on
wheels
with
a
trail
piece,
like
a
miniature
French
75
mm.,
model
1897*
The
piece,
recoil
mechanism
and
"breach
are the
same
as
the
37
mm.
sub-cairberpiece
it
is
the
custom
to
attach
to
the
"barrel
of
our
75'
s
for
sub-caliber
practice;
(i.e.,
there
is
a
self-cocking
mechanism
operated
"by
the
recoil
action,'
and
the
gun
is
single
loading).
It
has
a
flash
camouflaging
cone
over
the
muzzle.
The
gun
itself
weighs
88
pounds,
the
carriage
v
88
pounds
and
the
shield
66
pounds,
giving
the
complete
piece
a
total
weight
of
2*4-2
'pounds.
..

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