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SIF B31.3

SIF B31.3

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Published by Rob Gillespie

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Published by: Rob Gillespie on Feb 08, 2011
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06/28/2013

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02/08/2011, 51220379.xlsp. 1
FLEXIBILITY AND STRESS INTENSIFICATION FACTORSPER ASME B31.3-2006, APPENDIX DTABLE D300
Client: Description: Prepared ByDateRev.
xxx2/16/20080
Customer No.: Item No.:
xx1xxxx2
Owner No.: Dwg. No.:
xxx3xxxx4
US Customary Units (inch, pSI Metric Units (mm, kPa)
A
Welding elbow or pipe bend
[ Notes (2), (4) - (7) ]Outside diameter of matching pipe4.5in. Nominal wall thickness of matching pipe0.337in.Additional thickness (mechanical, corrosion, erosion)
c =
0.1250
in.
 x =
1.5
Design pressure
 P =
100.0
 psigModulus of Elasticity
 E =
2.7.E+07
 psi Number of ends flanged
 flgs =
0
Bend radius of elbow or pipe bend (1.5Do = 6 , 1.0Do = 4 )6in.Mean radius of matching pipe2.144in.Design thickness of pipe
T =
0.212in.
h =
0.277Correction factor for flange/s on bend1.00
k =
5.961.77
1.77
2.12
2.12
5.921.75
1.75
2.10
2.10
 D
o
=
n
=
Factor of bend radius of elbow or pipe bend (i.e., 1.5
 D
o
, 1.0
 D
o
, etc.)
 R
1
=
2
=
Flexibility characteristic,
h = T * R
1
/ r 
12
c
1
=
Flexibility factor,
= 1.65 /
h
Stress intensification factor, Out-of-Plane,
i
o
= 0.75 /
h
2/3
i
o
=
Stress intensification factor, In-Plane,
i
i
= 0.9 /
h
2/3
i
i
=
with pressure affect =
 p
=
/ [1+6(
 P 
/
 E 
)(
2
/
)
7/3
(
 R
1
/
2
)
1/3
]
 p
=i
o
with pressure affect =
i
op
=
i
o
/ [1+3.25(
 P 
/
 E 
)(
2
/
)
5/2
(
 R
1
/
2
)
2/3
]
i
op
=i
i
with pressure affect =
i
ip
=
i
i
/ [1+3.25(
 P 
/
 E 
)(
2
/
)
5/2
(
 R
1
/
2
)
2/3
]
i
ip
=
1
Input: Select size and thicknessusing dropdowns, and enter valuesin cells shown in red.Results: Validity of input andcalculated flexibility factors andstress intensification factors.
þÿNPS4(DN100) þÿSchXSperASMEB36.10M
 
ASME B31.3APPENDIX DTABLE D300
 NOTES:= for tees, the nominal wall thickness of the matching pipeFor consistency, use kPa and mm for SI metric, and psi and in. for US customary notation.(9) The designer must be satisfied that this fabrication has a pressure rating equivalent to straight pipe.(10) Factors shown apply to bending. Flexibility factor for torsion equals 0.9.
FLEXIBILITY FACTOR,
AND STRESS INTENSIFICATION FACTOR,
(1) Stress intensification and flexibility factor data in Table D300 are for use in the absence of more directlyapplicable data (see para. 319.3.6). Their validity has been demonstrated for 
 D/ T <=
100.(2) The flexibility factor 
in the Table applies to bending in any plane. The flexibility factors
and stressintensification factors
i
shall not be less than unity; factors for torsion equal unity. Both factors apply over the effective arc length (shown by heavy center lines in the sketches) for curved and miter bends, and to theintersection point for tees.(3) A single intensification factor equal to 0.9
 / h
2/3
 
may be used for both
i
i
 
and
i
o
 
if desired.(4) The values of 
and
i
can be read directly from Chart A by entering with the characteristic
h
computedfrom the formulas given above. Nomenclature is as follows:
 D
b
 
= outside diameter of branch
 R
1
= bend radius of welding elbow or pipe bend
 x
 
= see definition in para. 304.3.4(c)
2
= mean radius of matching pipe
 s
= miter spacing at center line
= for elbows and miter bends, the nominal wall thickness of the fitting
c
 
= the crotch thickness of branch connections measured at the center of the crotch where shown in thesketches
 
= pad or saddle thickness
θ
= one-half angle between adjacent miter axes(5) Where flanges are attached to one or both ends, the values of 
and
i
in the Table shall be corrected bythe factors
1
, which can be read directly from Chart B, entering with the computed
h.
(6) The designer is cautioned that cast buttwelded fittings may have considerably heavier walls than that of the pipe with which they are used. Large errors may be introduced unless the effect of these greater thicknesses is considered.(7) In large diameter thin-wall elbows and bends, pressure can significantly affect the magnitudes of 
and
i.
To correct values from the Table, divide
by
[ 1 + 6 (
P / 
 
) (
 
 / 
 
)
7/3
(
1
 
 / 
 
)
1/3
]
divide
i
by
[ 1 + 3.25 (
/
) (
/
)
^ 5/2
(
1
/
)
^ 2/3
]
(8) When
 
is > 1 1/2
T,
use
h
= 4
T/ r 
2
.
(11) If 
 x
>= 1/8
 D
b
and
c
>= 1.5
, a flexibility characteristic of 4.4
/
2
may be used.(12) The out-of-plane stress intensification factor (SIF) for a reducing branch connection with branch-to-rundiameter ratio of 0.5 <
d /D
< 1.0 may be nonconservative. A smooth concave weld contour has been shownto reduce the SIF. Selection of the appropriate SIF is the designer's responsibility.
 
(13) Stress intensification factors for branch connections are based on tests with at least two diameters of straight run pipe on each side of the branch center line. More closely loaded branches may require specialconsideration.(14) 2.1 max. or 2.1
T/C 
 x
 ,
 but not less than 1.3.
 x
 
is the fillet weld leg length (see Fig. 328.5.2C). For unequal leg lengths, use the smaller leg for 
Cx.

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