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Table Of Contents

An Important Technology
Beyond Voice
Outline for Today
The Cellular Concept
Basic Concept
System Architecture
First Mobile Telephone System
Problem with Original Design
Improved Design
The Core Idea: Cellular Concept
Cellular Concept
3 Core Principles
Tessellation
Tessellation (Cont’d)
Circular Coverage Areas
Circles Don’t Tessellate
Thus the Name Cellular
Handoffs
A Handoff
A Handoff (Cont’d)
Frequency Reuse
Frequency Reuse (Cont’d)
Example of Frequency Reuse
Multiple Access in Cellular Networks
FDMA
TDMA
Hybrid FDMA/TDMA
Hybrid FDMA/TDMA (Cont’d)
CDMA
CDMA Method 1: Frequency Hopping
Frequency Hopping (Cont’d)
Second Type of CDMA: Direct Sequence
Direct Sequence CDMA
Cocktail Party Analogy
Cocktail Party (Cont’d)
Exercise on Frequency Hopping CDMA
Important Parameter in Exercise
Final Points on FDMA/TDMA/CDMA
Channels
Motivating Random Access Channels
Motivating Random Access
Random Access: Failure
Random Access: Success
Standards: Rules for a Cellular Network
The Inner Workings
Standards
More on Standards
Second Generation of Cellular
Second Generation (Cont’d)
Present Cellular Systems
Present Systems (Cont’d)
AMPS: A Model for Learning about Cellular Networks
Complete Cellular Network
The AMPS System (Cont’d)
Voice and Control Channels
AMPS: Voice Channels
Frequency Reuse in AMPS
Clustersize of 7
Clustersize of 7 (Cont’d)
Clustersize of 7, Reuse Pattern
What if we had a smaller cluster?
Problem with Smaller Clustersize
Problem with Smaller Clustersize (Cont’d)
Directional Antenna
Directional Antenna at Base Station
Directional Antenna (Cont’d)
120 Degree Antenna Towers
Next Time
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evolution of cellphone

evolution of cellphone

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Published by WGabriel Eugenio

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Published by: WGabriel Eugenio on Feb 09, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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11/14/2011

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