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Recent Applications of the Modern Theory of Abiogenic Hydrocarbon

Recent Applications of the Modern Theory of Abiogenic Hydrocarbon

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Published by: zaroia on Aug 18, 2008
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 V. A. Krayushkin, T. I. Tchebanenko, V. P. Klochko, Ye. S.Dvoryanin (all at: Institute of Geological Sciences, Academyof Sciences of Ukraine, Kiev); J. F. Kenney (Institute of EarthPhysics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, C.I.S. & GasResources Corporation, Houston, TX 77098, U.S.A) Abstract: Here are reported certain specific observations of properties of the Earth's crust which wereconducted by drilling and which are not only of profound scientific significance but also of directeconomic value to the nation which supported theproject. The scientific results reported here fallinto two categories: (1), the discoveries of largedeposits of commercially producible petroleum ingeological environments which would beconsidered extraordinary (at least in the U.S.A.);and (2), the analyses of the chemical, bacteriologyand paleontology investigations of that oil fordetermination of its origin.Of greater scientific importance than the contentof the specific observations or laboratory tests isthe
of the body of scientific knowledgethrough the perspective of which this extensiveproject was initiated and carried out. This projecthas been carried out from its inception in explicitrecognition of the modern Russian theory oabyssal, abiotic hydrocarbon origins. Although themodern Russian theory of abiogenic hydrocarbonorigins is mostly unknown in the U.S.A., there isnot space in this short article to describe it. Thusit must suffice to state simply that the modern
theory of hydrocarbon origins recognizes thatpetroleum is a primordial material erupted fromgreat depth. Here is described a recent exploration project on theflanks of the Dnieper-Donets Basin which has beenconducted in explicit recognition of the modern theory. Thisspecific project has been chosen from many others becauseit is a "pure" modern project: the geological area exploredis one which had been extensively studied in the past andhad been previously condemned (according to theperspective of an hypothesis of a biological origin forpetroleum) as possessing no potential for petroleumproduction; the exploration techniques applied, from theinitial work-up, through the well planning, to the productiontests have been carried out in ways peculiar to such forabiogenic hydrocarbons in crystalline environments; andthe scientific tests upon the petroleum produced werespecifically designed to test the assumption that the oil andgas originated at great depth in the Earth. The Dnieper-Donets Basin runs in a NW-SE directionbetween 30.6
E; its northern and southern bordersare traced from 50.0
N and 47.8
N,respectively. For the first 45 year period of the geologicalstudy of the Northern Monoclinal Flank of the Dnieper-Donets Basin, its sedimentary, metamorphic, and igneousrock had been condemned as possessing no potential forpetroleum production for reasons of the complete absenceof any "source rock" (so-called) and the presence of active,strongly-circulating artesian waters. Recently the area wasreexamined according to the perspective of the moderntheory of abyssal, abiotic hydrocarbon origins. Because the modern theory of hydrocarbon originsrecognizes hydrocarbons as primordial material eruptedfrom great depth, the exploration process began with adetailed analysis of the tectonic history and geologicalstructure of the crystalline basement of the NorthernMonoclinal Flank of the Dnieper-Donets Basin. The
exploration and drilling project which followed resulted inthe discovery and development of 12 fields with oil reservesequal to 219 million metric tons of oil equivalent, the majorpart of which is produced from the Precambrian crystallinebasement. These petroleum fields have been discovered ina narrow strip approximately 30-35 km wide and 400 kmlong near the Northern Marginal Deep Fault where the oiland gas bearing rocks are Middle and Lower Carboniferousperiod sandstones and Precambrian granites, amphibolites,and schists of the crystalline basement complex. Thisexploration project generated also the discovery of a newgas producing area within a region 30 km wide and 100 kmlong near Khark for which the producible gas in place hasbeen calculated to be 100 billion cubic meters. Of a total number of 61 wells drilled, 37 producecommercial quantities of oil or gas, an exploration successrate of 55%. The initial flows from the productive wellsvaried between 40-350 metric tons per day of oil and100,000-1,600,000 cubic meters of gas per day. Thespecific gravity of the oil from the upper sedimentary levelsranges between 25
API, that from the Precambriancrystalline basement rock between 28
API. The sulfurcontent of the oil is uniformly less than 0.3%. The gas fromthe Precambrian crystalline basement contains alsocondensates. The specific formations and depths fromwhich petroleum has been discovered and is now beingproduced are as follow: 1.) Production from the upper sedimentary levels: Theoil and gas bearing reservoir rocks in the uppersedimentary levels are Middle and Lower Carboniferousperiod sandstones. The oil wells which produce from theCarboniferous period sandstones have reservoir depths atthe following levels: 3133-3172 m; 3200-3212 m; 3530-3543 m; and 3666-3688 m. The gas wells which producefrom the Carboniferous period sandstones have reservoirdepths: 1738-1754 m; 1802-1835 m; 2034-2063 m;2813-2854 m; 2905-2994 m; 2910-2943 m; 2987-3526 m; 2990-3176 m; 3080-3339 m; 3089-3135 m;3425-3603 m; 3439-3442 m; 3450-3469 m; 3472-3500 m;3506-3528 m; 3530-3543 m; 3638-3724 m; 3824-3845 m;

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