equilibrium vapour pressure
is constant at a constant temperature and increases as thetemperature increases for a given system. The equilibrium vapour pressure is independent of both the volume and the surface area of the liquid.
17.1.2 - Sketch graphs showing the relationship between vapour pressure andtemperature and explain them in terms of kinetic theory
As temperature increases, the pressure increases. A liquid with a high vapour pressure is
because it will readily evaporate.The type of intermolecular forces between the particles will affect how easily these bondsare broken, which in turn will affect the temperature at which they break.As we know from the
, the higher the temperature, the moreparticles there will be that are above the boiling point.
17.1.3 - State and explain the relationship between enthalpy of vaporisation, boiling pointand intermolecular forcesEnthalpy of Vaporisation (
This is the amount of energy required
to vaporise one mole of a liquid
. This means that allthe intermolecular forces between the particles must be broken. If the particles have strongbonds, then this will mean a larger enthalpy of vaporisation.