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European Missiles

European Missiles



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Published by jb2ookworm
A Collection Of Weapons Systems Obtained From The Federation Of American Scientists'
Military Analysis Network
A Collection Of Weapons Systems Obtained From The Federation Of American Scientists'
Military Analysis Network

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Published by: jb2ookworm on Nov 11, 2007
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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FAS Military AnalysisNetworkEuropean Missiles
Aster 15Aster 30
Eurosam is a Franco-Italian joint venture created by the French companies Aerospatialeand Thompson-CSF and the Italian firm Alenia/Finmeccanica in order to develop theanti-missile programme FSAF (Future Surface-to-Air Family), which is organised aroundthe Franco-Italian missile Aster. This family has a naval component, the PAAMS(Horizon program) and a mobile land component to be mounted on vehicles which iscurrently under development.The two versions of the missile differ only in the size of their first booster stage and,consequently, their range: from 1.7 to 30 km in the case of the Aster 15, and from three to80 km in the case of the Aster 30. When it enters service, the Aster will be the WesternWorld's first surface-to-air missile with active guidance. The Aster is capable of loadlimits of 60 G in its terminal phase thanks to its aerodynamic pilot, in addition to whichthere are impulses from lateral jets at the center of gravity, making last-minutecorrections of trajectory possible at the moment of interception. That capability makesthe Aster unique in the world.In December 1997 Aerospatiale announced two significant firing tests of Aster 15 andAster 30 missiles. In the first test an Aster 15 successfully intercepted a sea-skimmingtarget in a very high electronic countermeasures environment. The Aster scored what theFrench immediately called a "Hit-to-Kiss". Aster's impact point was under a meter fromits target's center of gravity. On 11 December 1997, an Aster 30 ground launched missileunderwent s its first validation firing against a real target. The intercept occurred at adistance of 16.2 nm. (30 km) from the launch point at an altitude of 36,000 ft (11,000meters). The C22 target was flying at Mach 0.84 (900 km/h) and the Aster 30intercepting the target head-on and from above at Mach 2.68. The recorded miss-distancewas less than 4 meters.Aster is capable of evolving in the direction of an antiballistic role in the future. Themissile would be able to deal with ballistic missiles with a range of 1,000 km as theyreenter the atmosphere. The homing head would have to be made more powerful or itsalgorithms speeded up, considering the approach speeds involved. The field of theproximity fuze would have to be reduced from 60
to 30
to increase its sensitivity, andfragmentation of the explosive charge would have to be adjusted to produce largerfragments.The Principal Anti-Air Missile System (PAAMS) is a new surface-to-air missile system,developed essentially to provide medium-range air defence and anti-missile protection forhigh-value units, such as aircraft carriers or merchant tankers, in the vicinity of the escort.The Horizon air defence frigate project involves France, Italy and the United Kingdom.The program covers the ship and secondary weapon systems, and PAAMS. the PAAMShas not suffered from London's recent decision to withdraw from the Horizon frigatesprogram. The Horizon International Joint Venture Co., the prime contractor designated
for the program, is owned by the French firm Direction des Constructions Navales (DCN)International, the British firm GEC-Maritime Ltd., and the Italian company OrrizonteSpA. The operational specifications for the frigate were set out in the "Trilateral Staff Requirements" document signed in 1992. However, the partners encountered majordifficulties in their efforts to reach agreement on the operational capabilities of themissile system.

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