THE AIRMOBILE DIVISION
360-216HEADQUARTERSDEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY
WASHINGTON,D.C., 30 November 1965
The 1st Cavalry Division (Airmobile) wasactivated in July 1965 at Fort Benning, Ga. Thisgives the Army five types of combat divisions:infantry, armored, mechanized, airborne, andairmobile.Establishment of the new airmobile divisionrequired the following administrative actions
Infantry Division at Fort Benningwas redesignated the 1st Cavalry Division(Airmobile).
The 1st Cavalry Division in Korea wasredesignated the
The 11th Air Assault Division (Test) wasinactivated.
Personnel and equipment from the “old”
Infantry Division and the inactivated 11thAir Assault Division were transferred to thenew 1st Cavalry Division (Airmobile).In his statement announcing establishment ofthe new division, Secretary of Defense Robert
“The introduction of this new kind of divi-sion into the Army will greatly increase ourgrowing capability to meet all kinds ofthreats. It places our Army on the thresholdof an entirely new approach to the conductof the land battle. Use of the helicopter todeliver men and weapons on the battlefieldwill result in greater freedom of movementand exploitation of the principles of surpriseto an unprecedente(d degree.”The new airmobile division has a TOE strengthof about 15,800. This figure is for a division baseat 100 percent TOE strength, plus eight maneuverbattalions (five infantry and three airborneinfantry)
airmobile division is authorized 434 air-craft, all but 6 of them helicopters of three types.For comparison, our infantry, armored, and mech-anized divisions have 101 aircraft, and our air-borne divisions 103.The great increase in aircraft in the airmobiledivision permits a corresponding reduction in thenumbers of organic ground vehicles. For ex-ample, the trucks and armored personnel carriersof an infantry division total almost 3,200, asagainst only about 1,600 in the airmobile division.