Establishment of PMU in Muzaffarabad to implement the project.
Train 160 Master Trainers in constructing water harvesting structures anddemonstrate replicable models.
Impact population of 0.15 million.
Launch advocacy and awareness campaigns, and take all legal initiatives todevelop water conservation and ensuring purity.
6.Description, Justification and Technical Parameters:
Nature of Problem and Proposed Solution:
A total area of 7,000 Sq Kms was affected by the October 2005 Earthquake with devastatingresults. A population of 1.8 million was directly affected in 977 villages with over 300,000 housesdamaged. Mortality was to the tune of 46,570 fatalities and 33,136 people were injured. Over Rs. 120 billion losses are estimated in public and private sectors with extensive infrastructure damages. Of atotal 6,523 water supply schemes in rural and urban areas, 1,613 schemes were severely damaged.Global warming and irregular rainfall patterns are also affecting water supply, thus water harvestingis required for survival. This pilot project will impact the lives of 0.15 million people, inhabitingsixteen UCs in three of five Earthquake affected districts of AJ&K on Pilot District basis.Water harvesting refers to the collection and storage of rainwater and also other activitiesaimed at harvesting surface and groundwater, prevention of losses through evaporation and seepageand all other hydrological studies and engineering interventions, aimed at conservation and efficientutilization of the limited water endowment of a physiographic unit such as a watershed. In general,water harvesting is the activity of direct collection of rainwater. The rainwater collected can be storedfor direct use or can be recharged into the groundwater. Rivers, lakes and groundwater are allsecondary sources of water. At present, we depend entirely on such secondary sources of water. Inthe process, we forget that rain is the ultimate source that feeds all these secondary sources andremain ignorant of its value. Water harvesting means to understand the value of rain, and to makeoptimum use of rainwater at the place where it falls.We get a lot of rain, yet we do not have water. The annual rainfall over AJ&K is computed to be 1,300 mm. This is higher compared to the global average of 800 mm. However, this rainfall occursduring short spells of high intensity. Because of such intensities and short duration of heavy rain,most of the rain falling on the surface tends to flow away rapidly, leaving very little for the recharge3