These problems give rise to requirements that impact each other to varyingextents. The overall bleak picture needs to be tackled with innovation at low cost to thefarmer in order to result in profitable farming.
Increased heat in summers, increased cold in winters, irregular and torrentialrainfall pattern are contributing to increase stress factors and reduce yields.
To overcome these problems the farmers, especially small and mediumlandholders need to be equipped with the requisite skills to deal with these problems.Increased evapotranspiration leads to increased water use and water retention capacity of the soil needs to be increased.
2.Scant Water Resources.
Drought resistant crops and crops that require less water or are salinity tolerantwill be of increasing importance.
Wasteful flood irrigation will have to be discontinued and precision conservationirrigation will have to be widely adopted.
3.Depleted Soil Fertility.
Nutrient mining; non-return of organic content to the soil and death/ reduction of soil biota has led to depleted nutrient reserves and curtailed recycling.
3.1Organic Soil Management.
This is most important both for soil fertility and water retention capacity.
4.Soaring Energy/ Input Cost - Low Profit.
Cost of water and high priced, inappropriate inputs has resulted in low profitability due to insufficient yields and improper pricing/ distribution mechanism.
4.1Alternate Energy/ Complete Plant Nutrition.
Alternate energy pumping, low-till farming, high yielding and alternate crops aswell as off-farm supplementation of income will have to be pursued vigorously.