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Ideas for a Training and Dissemination Project
Ideas for a Training and Dissemination Project

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: Sardar Taimur Hyat-Khan on Feb 10, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Pak German Polytechnic Institute for Agriculture Technology
Pak German polytechnic institute for agriculture technology situated at Chak 5-Faiz, Multan was established under the agreement between the Government of IslamicRepublic of Pakistan and the Government of the Federal Republic of Germany in 1959with the following objectives:- To establish agricultural Demonstration and Model Farms.- To extend training facilities in respect of Tractor operations, Tractor Mechanicand Carpenters to agriculture trainees.- To advise farmers in questions related to agricultural crops and related skills.The institute is situated on the Multan-Bahawalpur Road about 40 Km south of Multan.Its total area is 82—_Acres, out of which 40-acres consist of buildings and 42- acres areunder use of demonstration and experimental farm.
The Institute consists of followingmajor sections:
- Agriculture Section.- Mechanical Section.- Wood Working Section.- Tractor Operator School.- Agriculture Extension Service.- Women Training Scheme.
Century Challenges:
The four-fold jeopardy that the Pakistani farmer is facing has to be tackled in acost effective manner in order to bring our Agriculture back on-track as a profit makingventure. The major problems confronting us are:
Problems:Solutions:Climate Change.Soaring Energy/ Input Cost - Low Profit.Scant Water Resources.Depleted Soil Fertility.Environment Protection.Alternate Energy/ Complete Plant Nutrition.Conservation Irrigation.Organic Soil Management.
These problems give rise to requirements that impact each other to varyingextents. The overall bleak picture needs to be tackled with innovation at low cost to thefarmer in order to result in profitable farming.
1.Climate Change.
Increased heat in summers, increased cold in winters, irregular and torrentialrainfall pattern are contributing to increase stress factors and reduce yields.
1.1Environment Protection.
To overcome these problems the farmers, especially small and mediumlandholders need to be equipped with the requisite skills to deal with these problems.Increased evapotranspiration leads to increased water use and water retention capacity of the soil needs to be increased.
2.Scant Water Resources.
Drought resistant crops and crops that require less water or are salinity tolerantwill be of increasing importance.
2.1Conservation Irrigation.
Wasteful flood irrigation will have to be discontinued and precision conservationirrigation will have to be widely adopted.
3.Depleted Soil Fertility.
 Nutrient mining; non-return of organic content to the soil and death/ reduction of soil biota has led to depleted nutrient reserves and curtailed recycling.
3.1Organic Soil Management.
This is most important both for soil fertility and water retention capacity.
4.Soaring Energy/ Input Cost - Low Profit.
Cost of water and high priced, inappropriate inputs has resulted in low profitability due to insufficient yields and improper pricing/ distribution mechanism.
4.1Alternate Energy/ Complete Plant Nutrition.
Alternate energy pumping, low-till farming, high yielding and alternate crops aswell as off-farm supplementation of income will have to be pursued vigorously.

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