Universal Radio Communication Tester R&S ® CMU200
Handover scenarios inGSM systems
Modern mobile radio systems withouthandover functionality are inconceiv-able. The capability to hand over amobile phone from a UMTS system toa GSM system, for example, is a basicprerequisite for the economic successof UMTS. It is the only way to guar-antee UMTS customers full coveragefrom the start.
The easiest type of handover is intra-cell handover where either the physicalchannel or the associated timeslot con-figuration is changed. This may becomenecessary if the connection on a physi-cal channel is impaired. To evaluate con-nection quality, the mobile phone con-tinuously transmits the measured RXLev(receive level measured by the tele-phone) and RXQual (bit error ratio deter-mined) values to the base station.If the base station wants to hand overthe telephone to another physical chan-nel, all it needs to do is to inform the tele-phone about the new channel numberand the new timeslot configuration. Thetelephone changes directly to the newchannel and is able to maintain both itsprevious settings for timing and the basestation parameters.Intracell handover is also possiblebetween different GSM bands. Thus,a GSM cell in the 900 MHz band isquite able to use voice channels in the1800 MHz band, which, by the way, isan enormous stress factor on the mobilephone since it is constantly required toswitch the frequency bands: In additionto the voice connection in the 1800 MHzband, it must also cyclically analyzethe BCCH information in the 900 MHzband. This ”stress” on the mobile phoneand the high performance speed makethis handover version the favoured testmethod in production.
FIG 1 The GSM neighbour cell list (BA list) of the R&S ® CMU200 is user-editable. Up to16 random channel numbers from any GSM band can be entered. The tester allows conve-nient and customized definition of the neighbour cells. The WCDMA neighbour cell can bedefined in the 3G neighbour cell description.FIG 2 The mobile phone cyclically determines the receive level on the RF channels listedin the neighbour cell list. The six most powerful RF channels are transmitted from themobile phone to the base station. The R&S ® CMU200 clearly displays these measurementresults of the mobile phone.
News from Rohde & SchwarzNumber 180 (2003/IV)
MOBILE RADIORadiocommunication testers