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11/14/2011

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Sudan:Conflict Analysis and Options for Systemic Conflict Transformation
 A Northern and a Southern View
 January 2006
Die vorliegende Studie wurde im Rahmen des Forschungsprojekts „Systemische Multi-Track Ansätze zurUnterstützung von Friedensprozessen: Konzeptentwicklung und Anwendungsgebiete“ von BMZ und EDAgefördert. Die Inhalte der Studie entsprechen nicht notwendigerweise der Meinung der beiden Ministerien.
 
 
 
Content
Introduction into the Studies...............................................................................................................3Summary..............................................................................................................................................5
 A Northern View 
: Systemic Conflict Transformation in Sudan........................................................11
 A Southern View 
: Sudan - Supporting the Peace Process through a Systemic Approach..............................................................................................................................................55Glossary................................................................................................................................................81
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Introduction into the Studies
Background
The two studies on “Sudan: Conflict Analysis and Options for Systemic Conflict Transformation”are part of a wider research project on “Supporting Peace Processes through a Systemic Approach” conducted by the Berghof Foundation for Peace Support and supported financially by the Swiss Foreign Office and the German Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development.In the wake of this 15-month project (Oct 2004-Dec 2005) a concept study on “Systemic ConflictTransformation” was written as well as four country-specific, short case studies (Nepal, Aceh/Indonesia, two on Sudan). Further details on these studies can be found on the BFPS website: www.berghof-peacesupport.org. With respect to Sudan, it was originally planned to conduct one short study only that should i)analyse the main drivers of the conflict and how clusters of drivers were interrelated and linked(analysis of the conflict system); ii) assess the current conflict transformation and peacebuilding activities at the different track levels (track 1, track 2 track 3); and iii) suggest potential options fora systemic approach focussing on agents of peaceful change and identifying suitable entry pointsfor conflict transformation activities.
Why Two Studies?
 After a first round of discussions with potential Sudanese authors and knowledgeable Sudanexperts, it was decided to conduct two studies. There were two main reasons behind this decision:First, the high complexity of the Sudanese conflict system (with different conflict types at thenational, regional and local levels and a multitude of conflict issues and actors) makes itextremely difficult, if not impossible, for a writer to produce relevant results in a short study of (expected) 25-30 pages. Second, given the deep grievances of Northern domination in theSouthern parts of Sudan, we thought that both, Northern and Southern, views and perspectivesshould be given equal space in this undertaking.In June 2005, the two authors agreed to take up the challenge. Given the high complexity and themulti-faceted dimensions of the Sudanese conflict system, the writing process turned out to bemore demanding for the authors than initially expected.The
Berghof Foundation for Peace Support 
would like to take this occasion and convey its deepestand warmest thanks to both authors for their interest and commitment, for their detailedanalyses and, last but not least, their inspiring suggestions for conflict transformation activities.
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How to Make Best Use of the Studies?
Both papers were based on the same set of questions and offer a lot of specific information, butshow also some remarkable overlap in the analyses of the current situation.
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 We would also like to thank those Sudanese that have contributed to this study or its preparation in one way or theother as well as the German Development Service DED (Alain Sitchet in Khartoum, Leonore Küster and Anne Dietrichfor their friendly support in Juba), the Friedrich-Ebert Foundation in Khartoum (especially Dr. Abdel Rahim Belal andthe resident representative Manfred Öhm), and Daniela Körppen for her editorial support.
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