Application of Bioelectrical Impedance Sensing Techniques forDengue Infection with Non-linear Autoregressive model
H. Abdul Rahim
Department of Control andInstrumentationEngineering, Faculty of Electrical Engineering,Universiti TeknologiMalaysia,81310 UTM Skudai, Johor,Malaysia.email@example.com F. Ibrahim
Department of BiomedicalEngineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universityof Malaya,50603 Kuala Lumpur,Malaysia.M.N. Taib
Faculty of ElectricalEngineering, UniversitiTeknologi Mara, 40450Shah Alam, Selangor,Malaysia.
This paper discussed novel system identification for bioelectrical impedance measurement parameter for monitoring dengue infections byusing nonlinear AR (NAR) based on Artificial Neural Network (ANN). Bioelectrical impedancemeasurement indicate the volume of Hb of thesubjects and NAR model with regularized approach yields better accuracy by 80.60% for bioelectrical impedance sensing method. Inbuilding the model, three parameter wereconsidered; the final prediction error (FPE),
Akaike’s Information Criteria (AIC), and Lipschitz
dengue fever, NAR model, AIC, Lipschitz, FPE, ROC and AUC.
Many infectious diseases such as dengue,malaria, typhoid and hepatitis producecharacteristic variations in the composition of blood  . These variations can be a characteristicchange in number, size or shape of certain bloodcells. For example, in anaemia, the red blood cell(RBC) count is reduced . Other diseases maycause changes in the chemical composition of theblood serum and other body fluid, like thecharacteristically elevated in size and shape, or achemical analysis of the blood serum can,therefore, provide important information for thediagnosis of such diseases . Similarly, otherbody fluids, smears, and small samples of livetissue, obtained by biopsy, are studied through thetechnique of bacteriology, serology and histologyto obtain clues for the diagnosis of diseases.However, these techniques are invasive becausethe bacteriology, serology and histology diagnosisrequires t
he sample of human‟s smear from the
throat, blood and tissue respectively. The latestcommercial technique takes two hours to detectdengue fever by serological confirmation usingsamples of serum, plasma or heparinized wholeblood . This test is still invasive and expensiveand can only be performed by trained medicalpersonnel.Dengue fever (DF) ranks highly among the newlyemerging infectious diseases in public healthsignificance. Hence it is considered to be the mostimportant of the arthropod-borne viral diseases. InMalaysia, the disease is endemic but majoroutbreaks seem to occur at least once in every fouryears . Dengue fever was first reported inMalaysia after an epidemic in Penang in 1902 [2,3]. Since the early 1970s, the World HealthOrganization (WHO) has been actively involved indeveloping and promoting strategies for treatmentand control of dengue. In 1997, WHO published asecond guide to the diagnosis, treatment andcontrol of dengue haemorrhagic fever . Denguewere reported throughout the year and started toincrease from 1997 to 1998. In 1998, 27,373dengue cases with 58 deaths were reported ascompared to 19,544 cases with 50 deaths in 1997.This has shown an increase of 7,829 cases or40.1% over the number of cases in 1997 .
H.Adbul Rahim,F.Ibrahim,M.N.Taib, Int. J. Comp. Tech. Appl., Vol 2 (1), 207-215207