Athough the U.S. Arm has traditiona focused on conventionawarfare, it aso has a ong histor of conducting irreguar operations of amost ever nature and size. From “winning the west” and Civi War Reconstruction to nation buiding in Cuba and the Phiippines and theoccupation duties foowing both Word Wars, the scope of these respon-sibiities has indeed been immense. Most recent, the Vietnam War andthe arger Cod War of which it was a part sparked a renewed interest in both counterinsurgenc warfare as we as a broad range of “operationsother than war” missions. The empoment of Arm troops domesti-ca in Civi Rights enforcement, riot contro, refugee management,and border securit on added to the mix. Doctrina changes seemed tofoow one after the other, whie in practice each situation appeared toca for unique soutions and an emphasis on fexibiit rather than rotetactica formuas. The Arm’s recent depoments to Somaia, Haiti, andBosnia-Herzegovina on reinforced such generaizations.In Bosnia, the Arm worked with its European aies to enforce anegotiated settement among riva ethnic groups foowing a ong andvioent civi war. But no sooner had reative peace come to the area inthe ate 1990s than another confict arose to the immediate south whenethnic vioence spied over into the nearb Serbian province of Kosovo.B ear 1999, more than eight-hundred thousand ethnic Abanians had been driven out of Kosovo b Serbian forces under Sobodan Miosevic,whie as man as tweve thousand ma have been murdered in a waveof ethnic ceansing that horrified the word.Working again in concert with European aies, U.S. forces enteredKosovo in June 1999 with the primar objective of bringing peace to thattroubed and. The task, code named Operation
, provedexceeding difficut. Entrenched ethnic hatred between Abanians andSerbians continued to fue the confict, and the genera devastationcontinued for man weeks. Organized as the Kosovo Forces (KFOR),the Aies were fina abe to enforce a tentative peace b October of that ear. But as of 2007, the current peacekeeping mission has no endin sight, whie the path eading to a arger poitica soution regardingKosovo’s future has been equa eusive.