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Operation Urgent Fury the Invasion of Grenada October 1983

Operation Urgent Fury the Invasion of Grenada October 1983

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Published by Bob Andrepont

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Published by: Bob Andrepont on Feb 11, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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02/24/2014

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CMH Pub 70–114–1
Cover:
Patrol Extraction, Grenada, November 1983,
by Marbury Brown
All photos are from Department of Defense les.
 
Introduction
At the end of the Vietnam War and the end of selective service, the
United States Army was forced to rebuild itself into an all-volunteer force.
The Army in the late 1970s and early 1980s was untested in combat andfaced a crisis in confidence, a reduction in size, and the need to reorganize
and restructure. Army leaders, doctrine, and the political climate of 
the time compelled the Army to focus on its primary potential military
mission: the defense of western Europe. Equipment and manpower weregeared toward this mission.In October 1983, the U.S. Army was unexpectedly thrown into
a “no-notice” joint force contingency operation on the little island of 
Grenada. Confronted with a deteriorating political situation on Grenada
after the deposing and execution of the leader of the government by itsown military, the perceived need to deal firmly with Soviet and Cuban
influence in the Caribbean, and the potential for several hundred U.S.citizens becoming hostages, the Ronald W. Reagan administration
launched an invasion of the island with only a few days for the military
to plan operations. While the military’s capabilities were never in doubt,
the unexpectedly strong Cuban and Grenadian resistance in the first two
days of the operation and the host of U.S. military errors in planning, intel
-ligence, communications, and logistics highlighted the dangers of even
small contingency operations. As the first joint operation attempted since
the end of the Vietnam War, the invasion of Grenada also underscored the
 problems the U.S. Army faced in trying to work in a joint environmentwith its Air Force, Navy, and Marine counterparts.This pamphlet was prepared by Richard W. Stewart, the Center’sChief Historian, and is an edited extract of Senior Historian Edgar F.Raines’ forthcoming account of U.S. Army operations on Grenadaentitled The Rucksack War: U.S. Army Operational Logistics in Grenada,
October–November 1983
.
We hope that you enjoy and profit from thissynopsis of the short, yet significant, contingency operation conducted
 by the U.S. Army as part of the joint team in the early days of the all-volunteer force.JEFFREY J. CLARKE
Chief of Military History

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