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The Sound Man

The Sound Man

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Published by Ntege Eric
working with Cables with Ntege Eric
working with Cables with Ntege Eric

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: Ntege Eric on Feb 11, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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04/26/2011

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2011
Call TheeditorNtege Eric2/2/2011
The Sound Man
 
CABLES 
Cables carry an audio or video signal from one device to another such as DVD players and TVs,stereo receivers and speakers, and computers and video projectors. Cables don't change thenature of the audio or video signal they carry. They don't convert or process signals in any way.That's the job of the devices on either end. A cable in itself is just the messenger. Cables aremade up of three basic parts:
1.
 
CONDUCTOR 
The
conductor 
is the wire that actually carries the signal.
2
.
 
SHIELDING
O
ne or more layers of shielding prevent the wire from acting as an antenna that picks upradio frequency interference (RFI) and electromagnetic interference (EMI)
  3.
 
CONNECTOR 
The
connector 
is the plug at the end of the cable that connects to your device.Cables are important components of any home stereo or home theater setup. If you don't use theright cables for the right job then you could end up with a below an average level of sound or  picture quality. And if you use cables that are damaged or otherwise junky, you could really endup with a lousy experience. We can chose to look at the overwhelming amount of cable typesinto three categories:
audio-only
,
video-only
and
audio/video
cables that carry both sound and picture.
 AUDIO CABLES 
1.
 
The most common audio cables are called
analog RCA cables
. These are the cables withred and white, or sometimes red and black connectors. RCA cables are widely used toconnect devices like VCRs and DVD players to TV sets or CD players to stereoreceivers. RCA audio cables come in pairs with two connectors on each end, a red one for right stereo and a white (or black) connector for left stereo. They are often bundled withvideo cables. Experts recommend gold-plated RCA connectors for extra protectionagainst corrosion, especially if you live in a humid environment
2
.
 
The other most common type of audio cable is
speaker wire
. Speaker wire runs from astereo receiver to all speakers except the subwoofer (that requires a coaxial cable). Eachspeaker needs its own dedicated wire. Speakers not only receive audio signals via speaker wire, but also power. Speaker wire is made from 99 percent oxygen-free copper and
 
usually comes "unshielded," which means you can see the copper conductor. Speaker wire comes in different thicknesses or 
gauges
rated from 12 to 18 (thickest to thinnest).As a general rule, the longer your speaker wires, the thicker the gauge you should use.For speaker wire lengths up to 20 feet (6.1 meters) long, 14-gauge is sufficient, butanything longer than 60 feet (18.3 meters) requires 12-gauge wire.
 3.
 
Most audio recordings are digital nowadays, and there are several newer cables thatspecialize in carrying high-bandwidth digital audio signals.
O
 ptical digital cable
(alsoknown as fiber-optic and Toslink) transmits audio signals as pulses of light and isimpervious to interference
.
 
Another digital audio cable is called
digital coaxial 
. It looks the old coaxial cables thatconnect satellite dishes or cable TV signals to televisions, except this is speciallydesigned to carry digital audio. You'll find optical and digital coaxial jacks on newer DVD players, CD players and stereo receivers.
5
.
 
 XL
 R cable
o
riginally designed for professional audio use, XLR audio cable is used primarilywith high-performance audio gear. The connector has three pins ² a positive conductor, anegative conductor, and a ground. The ground wire helps reduce electronic noise throughoutthe cable. A clasp built into the round XLR plug locks it tightly into the socket, ensuring asecure connection. XLR cables are also used with microphones requiring "phantom power."An electrical charge runs through the ground wire, powering the microphone's internal pre-amps and allowing it to function.
IDEO CABLES 
1.
 
The most common type of video cable is called
composite video
.
A composite videocable consists of one yellow RCA connector that's usually bundled with red and whiteRCA analog audio cables. It's called composite video because all of the videoinformation -- color, brightness and sync -- is composited, or squeezed, onto one cable.Composite video cables were designed for older TVs and have a maximum resolution of 330 lines. They're fine for watching VHS tapes on the old TV in the basement, but if youhave a newer television, or an HDTV, composite video cables simply won't cut it.
2
.
 
 S 
-video
cables are a step up from composite video with a maximum resolution of 400lines. You will recognize an S-video cable by its circular, nine-pin connector. S-videoseparates color information from picture information, resulting in a crisper image.

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