Biometrics for Identity Management
Elisabeth de LeeuwBusiness Consultant Security and Identity Management
Encyclopedia of Cryptography and Security
Tilborg, Henk C.A. van; Jajodia, Sushil (Eds.)2nd ed., 2011, Approx. 1500 p. eReference. In 2 volumes, not available separately.ISBN: 978-1-4419-5906-5Due: June 2011http://www.springer.com/computer/security+and+cryptology/book/978-1-4419-5906-5
Identification processes are crucial to identity management. Biometrics may play a rolein identification processes and in identity management as a whole. This entry describesthe role biometrics can play, or may play in the future, as well as possible issuesconnected to it. (…)
Biometrics in National Identity Management
(…) Besides, in the context of national identity management, function creep is a risk. In thelast years, governments have built or extended many central databases that holdinformation on many aspects of the lives of citizens, biometrics included. This tendency issubject to criticism. In 2009, Ross Anderson, in a report titled Database State, states that“in too many cases, the public are neither served nor protected by the increasinglycomplex and intrusive holdings of personal information invading every aspect of our lives” (2), profiling and discrimination being possible consequences. Also, an increase ofidentity fraud may follow from biometric passport data made available for criminalinvestigations, as has been proposed, for example, in Article 4b of the 1991 DutchPassport Act. (7). Thus, is open to question whether the current and aimed application ofbiometrics in national identity management serves its primary objective (8).