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Table Of Contents

Fundamentals of Satellite Systems
1.1 Basic Characteristics of Satellites
1.1.1 Advantages of Satellite Communication
1.2.2 Ground Segment
1.2.3 Overall System
1.3 Satellite Orbit Configurations
1.4 Frequency Spectrum Allocations
1.4.1 ITU Spectrum Allocations and Regions
1.4.2 VHF and UHF Frequency Ranges
1.4.3 Microwave Bands: L and S
1.4.4 Microwave Bands: C, X, and Ku
1.4.5 Millimeter Wave and Higher: Ka-, Q-, and V-Bands
1.4.6 Guided and Unguided Optical Properties
References
Evolution of Satellite Communication
2.1 Source of the Original Idea
2.1.1 SYNCOM
2.1.2 COMSAT
2.2 Evolving Satellite Coverage
2.2.1 Global Service: INTELSAT, PanAmSat, and Orion
2.2.2 Regional Coverage: EUTELSAT and SES
2.2.3 Domestic Systems: Telesat, Westar, and Palapa
2.3 Specialized Systems: DTH and Mobile
2.3.1 DTH Development
2.3.2 MSS Development
2.3.3 Digital Information Broadcasting
2.4 Expansion at Higher Frequency Bands: Ka-Band
Satellite Network Architectures
3.1 General Features of Satellite Networks
3.1.1 Dedicated Bandwidth Services
3.1.2 Circuit-Switched Services
3.1.3 Packet-Switched Services
3.1.4 Flexibility Features
3.1.5 Reliability of Satellites and Links
3.1.6 Quality Features and Issues
3.2 Point-to-Multipoint (Broadcast) Networks
3.2.1 Video Distribution
3.2.2 Direct-to-Home Television
3.2.3 Content Distribution Networks
3.2.4 Mobile Satellite Communications
3.3 Point-to-Point Networks
3.4 VSAT Networks
Microwave Link Engineering
4.1 The Decibel
4.2 Propagation on the Earth-Space Link
4.2.1 Basic Microwave Propagation
4.2.2 Isotropic Radiator
4.2.5 Propagation Losses
4.3 Microwave Transmitters and Receivers
4.3.1 Transmitting Station
4.3.2 Receiving Station
4.3.3 Definition of a Transponder
4.4 Overall Link Quality
4.4.1 How Noise and Interference Affect a Microwave Link
4.4.2 Carrier-to-Noise Ratio
4.4.3 Link Budget Analysis
4.4.4 Link Margin
Modulation, Multiple Access, and Impairments
5.1 Digital Baseband Signals and Hierarchies
5.1.1 Digital Information Sources and Bandwidth Requirements
5.1.2 Analog-to-Digital Conversion
5.1.3 Compression
5.1.4 Error Detection and Correction
5.1.5 Scrambling and Encryption
5.2 Digital Modulation
5.2.1 Frequency Shift Keying
5.2.2 Phase Shift Keying
5.2.3 Amplitude and Phase Shift Keying
5.3 Multiple Access Methods
5.3.1 Frequency Division Multiple Access
5.3.2 Time Division Multiple Access
5.3.3 ALOHA Packet Multiple Access
5.3.4 Code Division Multiple Access
5.3.5 RF Bandwidth Utilization in Multiple Access
5.4 Distortion and Impairments
5.4.1 Digital Signal Impairments
5.4.2 Transponder Intermodulation Impairment
5.4.3 Uplink and Downlink RF Interference
Spacecraft and Repeater
6.1 Overview of Communications Spacecraft
6.1.1 Overall Payload Requirements
6.1.2 Transmit Effective Isotropic Radiated Power (EIRP)
6.1.3 Receive Gain-to-Noise Temperature Ratio (G/T)
6.1.4 Bent-Pipe Transponder Filtering
6.1.5 Linearity
6.1.6 Frequency Translation Effects
6.2 Analog Bent-Pipe Repeaters
6.3 Digital Processing Repeaters
6.3.1 Multiple Beam Switching and Routing
6.3.2 Digital Processor Architecture
6.3.3 Demod-Remod Repeater
6.4 Standard Repeater Elements
6.4.1 Wideband Receiver
6.4.2 Redundancy Switching
6.4.3 Waveguide Filters and Multiplexers
6.4.4 Traveling Wave Tube Amplifiers
6.4.5 Solid-State Power Amplifiers
6.4.6 Transponder Gain Control and Linearization
Spacecraft Antennas
7.1 Horn Antennas
7.2 Reflector Antennas
7.2.1 Center-Fed Parabolic Reflectors
7.2.2 Offset-Fed Parabolic Reflectors
7.3 Antenna Patterns
7.4 Direct Radiating Array Antennas
Spacecraft Mission and Bus Subsystems
8.1 Mission Summary
8.1.1 GEO Mission Profile
8.1.2 On-Station Operation Requirements
8.1.3 Non-GEO Requirements
8.2 Spacecraft Configuration
8.3 Spacecraft Bus Subsystems
8.3.1 Attitude-Control Subsystem
8.3.2 Solar Cells and Panels
8.3.3 Battery Design and Configuration
8.3.4 Liquid Propulsion System
8.3.5 Electric and Ion Propulsion
8.3.6 Solid-Fuel Rocket Motors
8.3.7 Tracking, Telemetry, and Command (TT&C)
8.3.8 Thermal Control
8.3.9 Structural Arrangements
Earth Stations and Network Technology
9.1 Basic Earth Station Configuration
9.2 Performance Requirements
9.2.1 Transmit EIRP
9.2.2 Receive G/T
9.2.3 Location and Platform Requirements
9.3 Radio Frequency Equipment
9.3.1 Antennas for Earth Stations
9.3.2 Antenna Beam Pointing
9.3.3 High-Power Amplifiers
9.3.4 Upconverters and Downconverters
9.3.5 RF Combining
9.3.6 Uplink Power Control
9.4 Intermediate Frequency and Baseband Equipment
9.4.1 Modulators, Demodulators, and Modems
9.4.2 Multiplexing and Packet Processing
9.5 Tail Links and Terrestrial Interface
9.5.1 Terrestrial Tail Options
9.5.2 Terrestrial Network Interfaces
9.6 Earth Station Facility Design
9.7 Major Classes of Earth Stations
9.7.1 TT&C Ground Facilities
9.7.2 TV Uplinks and Broadcast Centers
9.7.3 FDMA Digital Communications Service
9.7.4 Full-Mesh TDMA Earth Station
9.7.5 VSAT Star Network Terminal
9.7.6 TV Receive-Only Design
9.7.7 MSS User Terminals
Launch Vehicles and Services
10.1 The Launch Mission
10.1.1 The Boost Phase
10.1.2 Non-GEO Missions
10.1.3 Geostationary Transfer Orbit
10.1.4 Drift Orbit for GEO Operation
10.1.5 Deployments and In-Orbit Testing
10.1.6 RCS Fuel Allocation
10.2 Launch Technology and Systems
10.3 Typical Launch Vehicles
10.3.1 Ariane
10.3.2 Atlas
10.3.3 Delta
10.3.4 H-1 and H-2
10.3.5 Long March
10.3.6 Proton
10.3.7 Zenit
10.4 Launch Interfaces
10.4.1 Physical Launch Interfaces
10.4.2 Management Interfaces
10.5 Risk Management in Launch and Operation
10.5.1 Launch Insurance
10.5.2 Backup and Replacement Satellites
Satellite Operations and Organization
11.1 The Satellite Control System
11.1.1 GEO Satellite Control
11.1.2 Non-GEO Satellite Control
11.2 Intercommunication Networks
11.2.1 Backbone Communications
11.2.2 Alternate Routing for High Reliability
11.2.3 Network Management
11.3 Network Operations
11.3.1 Standard GEO Transponder Services
11.3.2 User Network Monitor and Control
11.3.3 Payload Configuration Management
11.4 Human Resources for Satellite Operations
Satellite Systems Engineering and Economics
12.1 Satellite Systems Engineering Principles
12.1.1 Fixed Satellite Systems and Services
12.1.2 Mobile Satellite Systems and Services
12.2 Satellite System Economic Principles
12.3 System Development Methodology
12.4 Space Segment Economics
12.4.1 Space Segment Investment Cost Elements
12.4.2 Annual Space Segment Costs
12.5 Earth Station Economics
12.5.1 Earth Station Investment Cost Elements
12.5.2 Annual Costs for Earth Station Networks
12.5.3 Teleport Earth Stations
12.6 Analysis of Network Economics
12.6.1 Determining Traffic Requirements
12.6.2 Laying Out the Network
12.6.3 Total Network Evaluation
12.6.4 Optimizing the Space and Ground Segments
12.7 Satellite Communications: Instant Infrastructure
12.7.1 Satellites Versus Fiber Optics
12.7.2 Emphasis on the Broadcast Feature
12.7.3 Paralleling the Terrestrial Networks
12.7.4 Mobility Enhancements
12.7.5 Creating the Future
12.7.6 Advancing Technology
12.8 Conclusions for the Next Generation
About the Author
Index
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Published by Sumanta Kundu

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Published by: Sumanta Kundu on Feb 11, 2011
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