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Memristor Seminar Report

Memristor Seminar Report

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Published by Gnan Chandu

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: Gnan Chandu on Feb 11, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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10/19/2012

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 RVR Institute of Engineering & Technology
 
1.INTRODUCTION
Generally when most people think about electronics, they may initially think of  products such as cell phones, radios, laptop computers, etc. others, having someengineering background, may think of resistors, capacitors, etc. which are the basiccomponents necessary for electronics to function. Such basic components are fairlylimited in number and each having their own characteristic function.Memristor theory was formulated and named by Leon Chua in a 1971 paper.Chua strongly believed that a fourth device existed to provide conceptual symmetry withthe resistor, inductor, and capacitor. This symmetry follows from the description of basic passive circuit elements as defined by a relation between two of the four fundamentalcircuit variables. A device linking charge and flux (themselves defined as time integralsof current and voltage), which would be the memristor, was still hypothetical at the time.However, it would not be until thirty-seven years later, on April 30, 2008, that a team atHP Labs led by the scientist R. Stanley Williams would announce the discovery of aswitching memristor. Based on a thin film of titanium dioxide, it has been presented as anapproximately ideal device.The reason that the memristor is radically different from the other fundamentalcircuit elements is that, unlike them, it carries a memory of its past. When you turn off the voltage to the circuit, the memristor still remembers how much was applied beforeand for how long. That's an effect that can't be duplicated by any circuit combination of resistors, capacitors, and inductors, which is why the memristor qualifies as afundamental circuit element.The arrangement of these few fundamental circuit components form the basis of almost all of the electronic devices we use in our everyday life. Thus the discovery of a brand new fundamental circuit element is something not to be taken lightly and has the potential to open the door to a brand new type of electronics. HP already has plans toimplement memristors in a new type of non-volatile memory which could eventuallyreplace flash and other memory systems.
 EEE Department 
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 RVR Institute of Engineering & Technology
 
2.HISTORY
The transistor was invented in 1925 but lay dormant until finding a corporatechampion in BellLabs during the 1950s. Now another groundbreaking electronic circuitmay be poised for the same kind of success after laying dormant as an academic curiosityfor more than three decades. Hewlett-Packard Labs is trying to bring the memristor, thefourth passive circuit element after the resistor, and the capacitor the inductor into theelectronics mainstream. Postulated in 1971, the “memory resistor” represents a potentialrevolution in electronic circuit theory similar to the invention of transistor.The history of the memristor can be traced back to nearly four decades ago whenin 1971, Leon Chua, a University of California, Berkeley, engineer predicted that thereshould be a fourth passive circuit element in addition to the other three known passiveelements namely the resistor, the capacitor and the inductor. He called this fourth elementa “memory resistor” or a memristor. Examining the relationship between charge, current,voltage and flux in resistors, capacitors, and inductors in a 1971 paper, Chua postulatedthe existence of memristor. Such a device, he figured, would provide a similarelationship between magnetic flux and charge that a resistor gives between voltage andcurrent. In practice, that would mean it acted like a resistor whose value could varyaccording to the current passing through it and which would remember thatvalue even after the current disappeared.Fig1. The Simplest Chua’s Circuit. Fig2. Realization of Four Element Chua’s Circuit, NR is Chua Diode. Fig3. Showing Memristor as Fourth Basic Element. But the hypotheticaldevice was mostly written off as a mathematical dalliance. However, it took more thanthree decades for the memristor to be discovered and come to life. Thirty years after Chua’s Proposal of this mysterious device, HP senior fellow Stanley Williams and hisgroup were working on molecular electronics when they started to notice strange behavior in their devices. One of his HP collaborators, Greg Snider, then rediscoveredChua's work from 1971. Williams spent several years reading and rereading Chua's papers. It was then that Williams realized that their molecular devices were reallymemristors.
 EEE Department 
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 RVR Institute of Engineering & Technology
 
Fig2.1. The Simplest Chua’s Circuit Fig2.2 Realization of Four Element Fig2.3 Showing Memristor as FourthChua’s Circuit Basic Element
 EEE Department 
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