2A.Claiming Not to Have Sin Reveals Self-Deception and a Disconnection fromGod’s Truth (1:8)B.Admitting Sin Results in Forgiveness and Cleansing Because of God’sFaithfulness and Justice (1:9)C.Claiming Not to Be a Sinner is Calling God a Liar and Reveals a Disconnectionfrom God’s Word (1:10)INTRODUCTIONThe Johannine Epistles continue to provoke scholarly schism, particularly with reference to their date of composition, provenance, authorship, occasion, and interpretation. The document knownas 1 John adds genre to this collection of debated topics, since it does not contain the telltaleepistolary opening or closing so familiar even within the biblical corpus, due to the consistentappearance of these features in Paul’s epistles. While it is beyond the scope of this paper toaccount for and weigh all of the evidence for each of these topics, we will assert our conclusionsin order to frame our exegesis of 1 John 1:5-10.With a high probability, the conceptual and linguistic connections between the JohannineEpistles and John’s Gospel suggest a single author, namely the apostle John, known in John’sGospel as the “beloved disciple,” who composed these three epistles sometime later in his lifeafter the completion and broad circulation of the Gospel.
Typically, readers of 1 John haverecognized a polemical edge to some of John’s statements, by which he must have intended tocombat certain false teachings circulating among the churches of Asia Minor.
See Andreas J. Köstenberger,
A Theology of John’s Gospel and Letters: The Word, the Christ, the Son of God
(BTNT; Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2009), 86-93.