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Meteorological Satellites and Their Data

Meteorological Satellites and Their Data

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Published by: Bob Andrepont on Feb 11, 2011
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11/15/2011

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TechnicalMemorandum80704
iIIIII
]MeteorologicalSatellites
i
i
I
I
L.J.Allison
(Editor),
A.Schnapf,B.C.Diesen,III,P.S.Martin,A.Schwalb,andW.R.Bandeen
JUNE1980
NationalAeronautics
and
SpaceAdministration
GoddardSpaceFlightCenter
Greenbelt,Maryland20771
 
METEOROLOGICALSATELLITESLewisJ.Allison(Editor)Goddard
Space
FlightCenterGreenbelt,MarylandContributingAuthors:AbrahamSchnapf,BernardC.Diesen,III,PhilipS.Martin,ArthurSchwalb,andWilliamR.BandeenABSTRACTThis
paperpresents
an
overviewof
themeteorologicalsatelliteprogramsthathavebeenevolvingfrom1958tothepresentandreviewsplansforthefuturemeteorologicalandenvironmentalsatellitesystemsthatarescheduledto
be
placedintoserviceintheearly1980's.ThedevelopmentoftheTIROSfamilyofweathersatellites,includingTIROS,ESSA,ITOS/NOAA,andthepresentTIROS-N(thethird-generationoperationalsystem)issummarized.ThecontributionoftheNimbusandATStechnologysatellitestothedevelopmentoftheoperationalpolar-orbitingandgeostationarysatellitesisdiscussed.IncludedaredescriptionsofboththeTIROS-NandtheDMSPpayloadscurrentlyunderdevelopmenttoassureacontinuedandorderlygrowthofthesesystemsintothe1980's.iii
 
CONTENTSABSTRACT...............................................
iii
EVOLUTIONOFTHEU.S.METEOROLOGICALSATELLITEPROGRAMS.......1TIROS...............................................
1
ESSA................................................1ITOS................................................3TIROS-N..............................................4NIMBUS..............................................5ATS,APPLICATIONSTECHNOLOGY
SATELLITE
....................7SMS/GOES(OPERATIONALGEOSTATIONARYSATELLITE).............8TIROS-NSPACECRAFTSYSTEM.................................9TIROS-NINSTRUMENTS...................................10DATACOLLECTIONSYSTEM(DCS)............................16SPACEENVIRONMENTMONITOR(SEM).........................18THEEARTHRADIATIONBUDGETEXPERIMENT(ERBE).................20VISIBLE
INFRARED
SPIN-SCANRADIOMETERATMOSPHERICSOUNDER
(VAS).
.22THEDEFENSEMETEOROLOGICALSATELLITEPROGRAM(DMSP)..........25EVOLUTION...........................................25BLOCK5DINSTRUMENTS.....................................30OPERATIONALLINESCANSYSTEM(OLS).......................30SPECIALSENSORH(SSH)-AHUMIDITY,TEMPERATURE,ANDOZONESOUNDER...................................33SPECIALSENSOR
M/T
(SSM/T)-APASSIVE
MICROWAVE
TEMPERATURESOUNDER..................................34SPECIALSENSORB(SSB-GAMMADETECTOR....................35SPECIALSENSORJ*(SSJ*)-SPACERADIATIONDOSIMETER...........36
V

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